21年项目管理师历年真题解析6卷

发布时间:2021-09-24
21年项目管理师历年真题解析6卷

21年项目管理师历年真题解析6卷 第1卷


这个项目的EAC是多少,表示什么意义

A.12,500美元;表示项目总成本的修正估计 (基于截止到当前的业绩表现)

B.10,000美元;表示项目总成本的修正估计 (基于截止到当前的业绩表现)

C.12,000美元;表示原始项目预算

D.10,000美元;表示原始项目预算

正确答案:A


你在从事为你的项目确立可能风险的工作,项目的目的是开发一种可口的营养猫食且该食品同时能作为汉堡包的增加剂。你想列出一个各种风险的清单以利于后面的定性及定量风险分析。虽然有一系列可用的技术,但在风险确定中经常使用的一个是——( )

A.访谈

C.检查表

B.可能性/影响分析

D.头脑风暴

正确答案:D


对正式合同接收和收尾的要求通常定义于——( )

A.建议中

B.工作报告

C.合同条款和条件中

D.采购审计报告

正确答案:C


97 Risks include the following types:

A. Business risk

B. pure risk

C. Insurable risk

D. A and B

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


● Using the figure in the Special window, Activity "L" has an early start time of _____ weeks and an early finish time of _____ weeks.

A 11, 13

B 12, 14

C 13, 15

D 14, 16

E 15, 17

正确答案:E


你的项目管理工作经验告诉你,你的基本职责就是通过授权,将项目活动和任务分配到小组或个人,依靠他们的力量生产出项目要求的可交付产品。由于你所在的组织不是一个项目型的组织机构,因此你不能直接参与人力资源管理的工作。因此,你需要:

A、从外部筹集资源来完成这部分的工作

B、准备一份描述项目团队各成员职责的团队章程,这份章程由人力资源部门签署

C、确保团队成员充分地认识到服从项目行政管理的必要性,以保证他们在工作中服从安排

D、请求人力资源部门主管亲自批准本项目的员工分配计划

正确答案:C


154 A Work Breakdown Structure:

A. assures all work is identified

B. subdivides the project into manageable segments

C. provides the project sponsor with a time-phase task summary

D. both A and B

E. All of the above

正确答案:D


Project tradeoffs are usually made by comparing _____ and constraints.

ATime, cost, and quality

BTime, risk, and quality

CRisk, quality, and manpower availability

DCost, quality, and technical performance

ECost, quality, and risk

正确答案:D

 


113 Cost forecasting calculations include:

A. EAC = ACWP + (BAC - BCWP)

B. EAC = BAC/CPI

C. EAC = ACWP + (BAC/CPI)

D. All of the above.

E. A and B

正确答案:E


21年项目管理师历年真题解析6卷 第2卷


108 The way a project manager sends and receives information depends upon:

A. How others relate to the project manager

B. The project manager's level in the organizational hierarchy

C. the size and nature of the project

D. the project manager's salary and age

E. the number of projects going on at one time in the company

正确答案:A


6 Using the situation stated in the Special window, what is the total variable costs for producing one widget?

A. $1,020

B. $1,010

C. $1,015

D. $20.00

E. None of the above

正确答案:E


168 Statistical cost estimating techniques (based upon history), are called _____ estimates and are a _____ approach.

A. Definitive, bottom up.

B. Analogy, top down.

C. Parametric, bottom up.

D. Parametric, top down.

E. Analogy, bottom up

正确答案:D


在成本预算过程中考虑项目进度计划

A、 可以确认项目因素,然后进行成本分配

B、 允许把成本分配到产生成本的时间段

C、 提供另外一种帮助评估和监控成本执行情况的方法

D、 A和B

正确答案:B


16 Your client, with which you have good relations, wants you to provide him with office supplies. This task is not supported under your contract. You respond to your client's informal request using which medium?

A. Speech

B. Written

C. Oral

D. A and C

E. Form. letter

正确答案:C


131 The net present value of $110 one year from now at 10% is:

A. $100

B. $120

C. $121

D. $100 less taxes

E. $100 less taxes and interest

正确答案:A


193 Creation of project objectives:

A. allows for data collection and analysis and progress reporting against which standards of performance can be measured.

B. is accomplished by selection of measurable variables against which performance can be judged. C. is required before funding of the project by the project sponsor.

D. all of the above.

E. A and B only

正确答案:E


你正要改造你的厨房,并且决定为这个项目准备一个网状系统图。你必须购买电气用具,而且直到橱柜完成才可以安装电气用具。在这个案例中,这些关系是

A、 从开始到结束

B、 从结束到开始

C、 从开始到开始

D、 从结束到结束

正确答案:D


项目执行期间重新委任了一名项目经理,项目已经按照计划执行,但是项目经理发现客户对报告方法相当不满,项目经理应该首先做什么?( )

A.检查沟通系统

B.询问客户的不满和要求,找出解决方案

C.向客户建议修改报告

D.让项目团队制定替代方案

正确答案:B


21年项目管理师历年真题解析6卷 第3卷


在风险分析中标准偏差的概念很重要,因为它测量估计值的可变性,因此一个估计值的标准偏差越_______ ,其可变性和风险越_______ 。

a. 大, 大,

b. 大,小

c. 小,大

d. 小,正常

正确答案:A
a [Frame, 新项目管理, 79页。估价的标准偏差  (SD)  越大,它的可变性和风险发生或同时发生的可能性就越大。例如,如果×行为完成任务的成本是  $1,000 标准偏差SD 是 $100,行为  Y 花费同样的成本完成  $1,000,但标准偏差 SD 是$750;则行为 Y 比行为×有更多的可变性和风险关联。]


In Project Risk Management, Risk Response may include actions to:

A. reduce the probability of risk events

B. change the scope, budget, schedule or quality specifications of the project

C. reduce the consequences or severity of impacts of a potential risk event

D. A and C

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


Managers who adopt a sound, but prudent managerial style. are called

A authorization

B conciliatory

C ethical

D judicial

E promotional

正确答案:D


195 Techniques that can improve communication include:

A. establishing a single, one-way communications channel

B. avoiding face-to-face communication

C. using redundancy (i.e. saying it two different ways) whenever possible

D. disregarding the sensitivity of your receiver

E. All of the above

正确答案:C


三点法统计估算公式:期望值=( )

A.(乐观估算+(4X最可能估算)+悲观估算)× 6

B.(乐观估算+(4X最可能估算)+悲观估算)/ 6

C.(乐观估算+(4X最可能估算)×悲观估算)/ 6

D.(乐观估算+(4+最可能估算)+悲观估算)/ 6

正确答案:B
在计划评审技术(PERT)中用到这个公式计算估计工期分布的中值。


资源平衡通常:( )

A.增加项目总成本

B.推迟项目完成日期

C.要求更少的资源

D.要求更多的资源

正确答案:B


你在管理巴布亚新几内亚的摩内斯比港的一个高精密的、技术复杂的防入侵的数据中心的建设项目。这个数据中心将安装500多台服务器,是为准备在亚洲开展电子商务的世界上最大的零售商建造的。虽然这个地方提供的经济优势很大,但台风的威胁使你不得不制定一个备用的方案以备用的方案以备在中心被淹时使用。这是什么类型的风险响应?( )

A.被动回避

B.缓解

C.积极接受

D.转移

正确答案:C


186 Risk management methodology should be adhered to in:

A. construction projects

B. system projects

C. complex projects

D. large projects

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


130 The identification, definition, and selection of the project objectives as well as the best approach to achieving the project objectives are indentified in the _____ phase of the project but first documented in the project _____.

A. Conceptual, charter/baseline.

B. Conceptual, master schedule.

C. Development, charter/baseline.

D. Development, master schedule.

E. Development, masterplan

正确答案:A


21年项目管理师历年真题解析6卷 第4卷


164 Perhaps the biggest problem facing the project manager during integration activities within a matrix structure is:

A. Coping with employees who report to multiple bosses

B. Too much sponsorship involvement

C. Unclear functional understanding of the technical requirements

D. Escalating project costs

E. All of the above

正确答案:A


作为一名项目经理,在于员工进行沟通的时候你想要采取移情的聆听方式。在是使用这种方法时,你应该:

A、重复对方所说的话

B、试探对方的意思,然后掂量谈话的内容

C、先评价内容再提出建议

D、站在对方的角度看问题,体验问题

正确答案:D


56 In a matrix organizational form, MBO may be difficult to implement:

A. If the functional employees are supervised closely by the line manager rather than the project manager

B. Unless the project manager has an input into the employee's performance review

C. Unless the project and line managers agree on the ultimate objective

D. Unless the project and line managers agree to the duration of the task

E. None of the above are correct answers

正确答案:E


一个任务的最早开始时间是第十天,最晚开始时间是第十九天。这个任务的工期是四天,中间没有休假日。从上面所提供的信息,对于这个行为可以得出什么结论?

A、这个行为的全部浮动时间是九天

B、这个任务的最早完成时间是第十四天末

C、最晚完成时间是第二十五天

D、如果投入的资源加倍的话,这个任务可以在两天内完成。

正确答案:A


配置基准控制系统应与相对应地使用 ( )

A.范围基准

B.原始进度计划

C.原始预算

D.以上都是

正确答案:A


某风险事件已经发生并产生了占总项目成本15%的影响,下列哪些行动是最合适的措施?

A、 通知正确的项目干系人

B、 更新项目预算

C、 控制成本

D、 与团队成员一起采用集体自由讨论的方式

正确答案:A


123 Selection criteria for project selection include:

A. cost versus benefit

B. risk

C. contribution towards organizational goals

D. rate of return

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


Management reserves are normally defined as a % of the total budget. As a project progresses, the project manager wants the $ value of management reserve to _____, whereas the customer wants the management reserve to _____.

A . Increase, increase.

B . Increase, decrease.

C . Decrease, decrease.

D . Decrease, increase.

E . Remain the same, return to customer.

正确答案:E


权变措施(workArounD)是——( )

A.对负面风险事件没有计划到的响应

B.当意外的事件发生时采取的行动计划

C.对风险管理计划中的某些风险类型的特定响应

D.响应风险的主动的有计划的方法

正确答案:A


21年项目管理师历年真题解析6卷 第5卷


11 To determine whether or not the employee correctly understands the message, the project manager needs to:

A. reduce the filtering

B. eliminate barriers

C. obtain feedback

D. use more than one medium

E. use all of the above.

正确答案:C


你正负责为世界银行的一个大项目准备成本估计。因为你的估计需要尽可能的准确,所以你决定准备一个自下而上的估计。你的第一步是

A.确定在进程中需要的计算工具

B.利用前面的项目成本估计来帮助准备这个成本估计

C.确定并且估计每一个工作条目的成本

D.向这个方面的专家咨询,并且将他们的建议作为你的估计的基础

正确答案:C


下列那一个术语描述的是在小组强大压力下,使关键费用的小组标准同创新思想的小组标准相一致?

a. 小组的压抑

b. 小组请求

c. 小组思想

d. 小组思维

e. 小组摸索

正确答案:C
56.  c.  Groupthink
Irving Janis invented this term in 1971 to alert people to a serious disadvantage that can arise
when a team becomes too cohesive and too amiable.


The Pareto Principle is a technique used by quality managers to determine which quality control problems of a particular service or manufacturing process should be corrected. Which of the following statements represents the philosophy of the principle?

A . In order to minimize financial losses from quality control problems, all problems which have a measurable cost associated with them should be corrected.

B . the majority of defects are caused by a small percentage of the identifiable problems. Improvements efforts should be reserved for these vital few problems.

C . in order to achieve zero defects, all quality control problems, including those which do not have a direct financial cost should be corrected.

D . generally, 80 % of the quality control problems are justifiable for correction via cost-benefit analysis. The remaining 20% are not financially worthy of improvement efforts.

E . A and D

正确答案:B


项目计划编制方法是指导项目团队系统地编制项目计划的方法。你正在为你们公司设计一个计划编制方法,你想把“硬性”和“软性”的工具都包含在其中,下列哪项属于“软性”工具的范畴?( )

A.项目管理软件

B.一个持续改善的目标

C.一次项目动员大会

D.工作分解结构与会计代码对应的编码系统

正确答案:C


172 Fixed-price and incentive-type contracts place responsibility for performance and financial risks associated with delay or non-performance on the:

A. Buyer

B. Third party

C. Contractor

D. All of the above

E. None of the above

正确答案:C


Obtaining team commitment depends on:

A clear and interesting job assignments

B consensus on project goals

C involvement in developing task objectives

D All of the above.

E B and C

正确答案:E


75 Input into the Communications Management Plan includes the following information from the stakeholder analysis:

A. Information needs

B. Information content

C. Frequency of distribution

D. Method of distribution

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


● A task-oriented family tree of activities is a:

A Detailed plan.

B Linear responsibility chart.

C Work breakdown structure.

D Cost account coding system.

E Work package description.

正确答案:C


21年项目管理师历年真题解析6卷 第6卷


在以下哪种项目特征中最适合采用强矩阵的项目型组织形式?

A、 复杂的不确定性、中等技术

B、 规模小、不确定性高

C、 规模大、新技术

D、 时间紧急程度一般、历时久

正确答案:C


3 Project management/project planning is most closely aligned with:

A. Long range/strategic planning (5 years or more).

B. Intermediate range planning (1 to 5 years)

C. Short range/tactical planning (1 year or less).

D. All of the above.

E. B and C

正确答案:E


Using visual aids during management/customer presentations will:

A hold the interest of the audience

B strengthen the learning process by adding a visual dimension to the auditory dimension

C stay in view longer, thus bringing back listeners who may have strayed

D All of the above.

E A and B only

正确答案:D


132 Which of the following is an element of procurement management:

A. inspection

B. purchasing

C. estimating

D. expediting

E. A, B and D only

正确答案:E


下列哪项不属于有效变更控制系统的一部分( )

A.步骤

B.报告标准

C.会议

D.经验教训

正确答案:D


The critical path in a schedule network is the path that:

A.Takes the longest time to complete

B.Must be done before any other tasks

C.Allows some flexibility in scheduling a start time.

D.Is not affected by schedule slippage

E.All of the above.

正确答案:A
A


诸如强矩阵、平衡矩阵和弱矩阵等术语,当用于项目机构中的矩阵结构时是指——( )

A.机构达到目标的能力

B.项目队员之间及其与项目经理之间的接近

C.项目经理对团队资源拥有权威的程度

D.队员们团结合作的程度

正确答案:C


范围核实 ( )

A.改进成本及计划的准确性对于使用革新技术及工艺的项目尤为重要

B.是项目移交给前客户的最后一项活动

C.将项目实施励则是产出的产品及服务特性制成文档

D.与质量控制有区别范围核实与工作结果的验收有关而不是更正

E.检查WBS是否是根据组织的项目管理理论来建立的

正确答案:D


194 Using the data shown in the Special window, Activities P, Q, and T are critical path activities. In order to shorten the time duration of the project, which activity should be "crashed" first?

A. P

B. Q

C. R

D. S

E. T

正确答案:A