项目管理师试题7节

发布时间:2021-10-05
项目管理师试题7节

项目管理师试题7节 第1节


125 Clearly defined group goals are important because they _____.

A. motivate team behavior.

B. cause inner tension within team members until they are met

C. encourage member interaction

D. All of the above.

E. A and C

正确答案:D


A summary WBS is usually developed in the

AConceptual phase

Bimplementation phase

Cplanning phase

Dclose-out phase

EAll of the above phases

正确答案:A

 


以下哪一个是分析设计、决定其功能和评定怎样有效地提供那些功能的工具?( )

A.帕雷托图

B.价值分析

C.结构管理

D.价值工程

正确答案:D


Scheduling systems such as PERT, ADM, and PDM are project management tools to be used by:

A.The project manager and project office personnel.

B.The project team and functional managers.

C.The project sponsor.

D.All of the above.

E.A and B only.

正确答案:E
E


170 Assume that you have a network where an activity on the critical path can be crashed by two weeks. If the activity is actually crashed by two weeks, then:

A. The project's schedule will be reduced by 2 weeks.

B. The available slack on the noncritical paths will increase.

C. A new critical path may appear after the crash.

D. All of the above.

E. A and B only

正确答案:C


项目执行期间重新委任了一名项目经理,项目已经按照计划执行,但是项目经理发现客户对报告方法相当不满,项目经理应该首先做什么?

A、 检查沟通系统

B、 询问客户的不满和要求,找出解决方案

C、 向客户建议修改报告

D、 让项目团队制定替代方案

正确答案:B


以下各因素中,哪一个对项目沟通要求影响最大?

A、 项目干系人职责关系

B、 外部信息需求

C、 技术可利用性

D、 项目的组织结构

正确答案:D


172 Variables quality data are:

A. quantitative or qualitative data

B. quality data for which the product or service is designed and built

C. reflect measurements on a continuous scale of a characteristic of the produce or service

D. Indicate management's understanding of the concept of variability

E. B and C only

正确答案:E


项目管理师试题7节 第2节


130 Using the situation stated in the Special window, what is the schedule variance for Case #8? A. 1000

B. 2000

C. -1000

D. -2000

E. 0

正确答案:C


在项目的执行期间,发生了大量的变更,项目经理应该如何处理?( )

A.坐等所有变更公诸于众,然后印制新的进度计划

B.进行必要的变更,但是保持进度基准计划

C.进行必要的变更

D.在进行任何变更前和管理层沟通

正确答案:B


因为你认识到成本控制的重要性,你将一系列可接受的偏差作为挣值管理系统的一部分。项目改变是不可避免的,还出现了一些不能接受的偏差在每个不能接受的偏差出现之后,你应先进行以下哪一项?( )

A.更新预算

B.准备一个修正的成本估算

C.调整项目计划

D.记录学到的教训

正确答案:D


135 In the arrow diagramming method (ADM), _____ do not consume time or resources.

A. Events. B. Activities

C. Slack elements.

D. B and C only.

E. All of the above

正确答案:A


50 Which of the following is based on an individual identification with a more powerful person.

A. expert power

B. reward power

C. referent power

D. A and B.

E. A and C

正确答案:C


2 Management calls a meeting to explain to all employees the new benefits package for the rank and file. This is an example of:

A. Upward communication

B. Downward communication

C. One-way communication

D. Two-way communication

E. None of the above

正确答案:C


50 Statistical cost estimating techniques (based upon history), are called _____ estimates and are a _____ approach.

A. Definitive, bottom up.

B. Analogy, top down.

C. Parametric, bottom up.

D. Parametric, top down.

E. Analogy, bottom up.

正确答案:D


以下哪项不是项目启动的输入?( )

A.产品或服务说明

B.组强战略计划

C.项目筛选计划

D.项目章程

正确答案:D


项目管理师试题7节 第3节


38 Advantages of the functional (hierarchical) form. of organization include _____ and creation of technical competence.

A. Ease of horizontal coordination

B. Clearly defined authority

C. High information processing capability

D. Single voice to customers

正确答案:B


● Free float is the amount of time that an activity may be delayed with out affecting the _____.

A Early start of the succeeding activities.

B Late start of the succeeding activities.

C Project finish.

D Cost of the project.

E None of the above.

正确答案:A


在项目收尾阶段很多项目经理都倾向于尽可能推迟人员的重新分配这是因为( )

A.他们被迫面对这一过程中可能发生的人际冲突

B.他们相信没有人想离开项目

C.职能经理不愿意让 项目成员回到职能部门

D.项目队伍成员不愿意转到一个新分配的岗位上

正确答案:A


新的计算机系统某个非关键路线活动将延迟通常可靠的供应商已经表示一个可接受的修改交货时间由于计算机延误项目经理应 ( )

A.实行合同罚款

B.评估延误和确定备选方案

C.查找替代供应商

D.延迟项目知道计算机供应商赶上进度

正确答案:B


质量似乎是你们公司的追求。首先,公司通过了ISO9000认证。现在执行总裁想赢得MalColm BalDrige奖。每个项目都有一份与机构的远景目标一致的质量综述。对所有项目提供内部和外部的质量保证以便——( )

A.确保项目满足相关的质量标准

B.监控特定的项目结果以确定它们是否符合相关的质量标准

C.找出排除不满意结果产生过程的方法

D.检查以排除过程中的错误

正确答案:A


128 In crashing a task, you would focus on:

A. As many tasks as possible.

B. Non critical tasks.

C. Accelerating performance of tasks on critical path.

D. Accelerate performance by minimizing cost.

E. A and D

正确答案:C


假定你和公司的CEO是邻居,你们的关系比较铁,而公司的同事也都知道你们之间的关系比较好。最近,你的公司任命你为一个新项目的项目经理,而这个项目对实现下一年的财务目标是至关重要的。你会依靠下列哪种权力类型来行使项目经理的权力?( )

A.参照型

B.酬劳型

C.正式型

D.专家型

正确答案:A


整合的意思是什么?

A、 使项目团队成员熟悉项目

B、 将项目的各部分结合为一个整体

C、 将项目的各部分结合为一个项目组

D、 将所有小组成员组成小组

正确答案:B


项目管理师试题7节 第4节


● Which of the following are included as part of a scope statement?

A Project justification

B Project deliverables

C Project objectives

D All of the above

E B and C

正确答案:D


● Selection criteria for project selection include:

A cost versus benefit

B risk

C contribution towards organizational goals

D rate of return

E All of the above.

正确答案:E


The budget associated with scope changes that have been approved but not planned for yet, is referred to a(n) _____ budget.

A . Unauditable.

B . Undistributed.

C . Preauthorized.

D . Contingency.

E . In-process.

正确答案:B


你在为米尔肯。弗里肯公司管理一个电子商务项目。掌管的合伙人沉醉于尽可能高的盈利来提高它的红利。它经常问你利润方面的数字。下面哪一类利润是它实际感兴趣的?( )

A.经营利润

B.预期利润

C.整体利润

D.累计利润

正确答案:A


176 Which of the following communication media is least accepted by organizations?

A. tactile

B. audio

C. extrasensory

D. visual

E. olfactory

正确答案:C


49 Which of the following diagrams is most useful in impact analysis:

A. arrow diagrams

B. precedence diagrams

C. decision trees

D. Pareto diagrams

E. cause and effects diagrams

正确答案:C


A deficiency in characteristics that render the quality of the material/service unacceptable is usually referred to as:

A defective

B defect

C non-conformance

D poor workmanship

E lack of fitness for use

正确答案:C


你计划对外签订一个对你们公司进行项目管理培训的合同。你决定任何潜在的签约方必须与能授予项目管理项士学位的大学有联系。这是一个什么样的例子?( )

A.建立一个独立的评估

B.为你的工作报告准备需要的材料

C.建立一个加权系统

D.建立一个筛选系统

正确答案:D


项目管理师试题7节 第5节


The highest degrees of project risk and uncertainty are associated with the following phase of the project:

A conceptual

B execution

C cut-over

D post project evaluation

E A and D only

正确答案:A


对一个项目,假定的风险值最好是通过一个结构的方法论来完成以便所有项目的因素都被评估。用于项目风险的结构分析的最合适的工具是:

a. 合同

b. 规范

c. 工作描述

d. 工作分解结构

e. 网络规划图

正确答案:D
d [PMBOKTM 集中的把工作分解结构 WBS  作为项目经理主要的、强有力的工具。它是如何将项目的小块从上到下简洁的放到一起。所有阶段和它以下的任务、工作包、  努力成果水平等都由工作分解结构  WBS文件产生。]


35 Which of the following is considered a direct cost for producing a widget?

A. The cost of the materials used to produce a widget.

B. The labor costs of the workers who actually produced the widget.

C. The rent for the building in which the widget was manufactured

D. The salary of senior management and the project sponsor

E. A and B only

正确答案:E


成本预算的目的在于:

A、 确定完成项目活动所需的资源成本,把它们分配到组织账目的适当章节

B、 监控成本执行情况,监测偏差

C、 把成本分配到每一件工作中,建立一个用来评定项目纯净的基准计划

D、 可能的话使资金开支最低化

正确答案:C


买主使用各种方法以使承包商更早的或在某些契约指定时间框架内完成工作。一种方式是清算赔偿金的应用,从承包商的观点看,清算赔偿金是那一种类型的激励?

a. 积极地

b. 消极地

c. 轻微地

d. 反面地

e. 风险倾向地

正确答案:B
    b. 负面地
清算赔偿金考虑负面地激励因为它只计算承包商如果执行失误造成的收入损失而不考虑承包商如果做的很好得到的收入。


应该由谁负责确定项目成本偏差可接受幅度( )

A.职能经理

B.部门领导

C.高层管理

D.项目经理

正确答案:D


Which is not a consideration in a make or buy decision?

A Cost factors (least cost alternatives)

B Competitors' method of sourcing

C Existence of sufficient administration/technical personnel

D Political and social factors

E None of the above.

正确答案:B


Work authorization forms are needed in order to:

AAuthorize line organizations to charge against the project

BEstablish an audit trail

CDevelop a structured methodology for release of funds

DAll of the above

EA and C only

正确答案:D
D


项目管理师试题7节 第6节


根据学习曲线理论,当重复生产某样东西时

A、 生产设备操作员培训减少,从而降低单位成本。

B、 单位成本随生产率的提高而下降

C、 随着产量的增加,单位成本有规律的下降

D、 培训成本随着自动化程度的提高而增加

正确答案:C


Abranham Maslow的需求层次理论着重于五个领域可以激励个人(如果得到实现的话)。以下哪项不属于这五个领域?

A、 自我实现

B、 生理

C、 社会

D、 责任

正确答案:D


181 Management by objectives assumes that the team

A. is receptive to an unstructured environment.

B. does not require close supervision

C. possesses a self-fulfillment philosophy

D. all of the above

E. A and C

正确答案:C


A program can best be described as:

AA grouping of related activities which last two years or more

BThe first major subdivision of a project

CA grouping of projects, similar in nature, which support a product or product line and have no definable end point

DA product line

EAnother name for a project

正确答案:C


在项目生命周期的几个阶段中,一个项目的文化能在很大程度上影响项目的成功。你是一个项目经理,团队成员来自不同的文化背景,在项目进行过程中你必须要创造一个好的环境以最大程度的挖掘大家的潜力。大多数人都 是以自己的文化背景为基础来看待其它的文化,而一个项目的文化也会随着项目生命周期的改变而改变。在项目收尾阶段,文化的重点是

A、参与性

B、竞争性

C、专注于信息的传递

D、合作性

正确答案:C


现在已经落实了项目预算,然而在预算或项目范围中却有些工作没有计划到,在哪儿可以找到执行这些新发现的要作的资金? ( )

A.应急储备

B.项目利润

C.管理储备

D.放弃资金

正确答案:C


166 The capacity to get an individual or group to perform. a given task is described as:

A. Authority

B. Power

C. Influence

D. Leadership

E. Motivation

正确答案:E


统计控制表是一种工具用来帮助

A、控制进度变化,以避免超时过多

B、衡量一致性程度

C、判断结果是否一致

D、判断结果是否符合要求

正确答案:A


项目管理师试题7节 第7节


项目协调者类型和项目促进者类型的组织形式之间主要区别在于:( )

A.在项目促进者类型的组织形式中,员工们通常对项目没有比较稳固的承诺

B.项目协调者通常不能以个人名义做出或执行项目决策

C.项目促进者只是作为管理层和项目团队之间的媒介存在

D.项目协调者负责向组织中更高层的经理人员进行报告

正确答案:D


164 A line manager possesses information which the project team needs, but withholds the information. The results in a(n):

A. Blindspot

B. Facade

C. region of influence

D. Communication power base

E. None of the above

正确答案:B


● Scope Management:

A entails managing the project's work content.

B is a subset of configuration management and as such is performed by CM specialists.

C is concerned with naming all activities performed, the end products which results and the resources consumed.

D is not a concern of the project manager.

E None of the above.

正确答案:C


Range estimating in determining cost risk probabilities requires _____ .

A an amount of financial exposure.

B risks and opportunities ranked in order of bottom line importance

C contingency requirements for expected level of confidence

D probability of cost overrun occurrences

E All of the above.

正确答案:E


你在管理一个电信项目,由于最近政府出台了一项新的规定,你不得不改变原定的项目范围。对于项目目标作了几个变更。你更新了项目中使用的技术和计划文件。你的下一部是:( )

A.正式通知干系人

B.修改公司的知识管理系统

C.从项目发起人和客户那里获得对范围变更的正式承认

D.准备一个业绩报告

正确答案:A


186 Risk management requires an understanding that _____ .

A. the degree of greatest uncertainty occurs in the Conceptual Phase of the Life Cycle.

B. risk identification must be directly aligned with the Work Breakdown Structure.

C. it is merely advanced preparation for possible adverse future events.

D. it does not imply complete control of events

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


152 The formalization of management's attitude toward risk is called _____ .

A. Decision Theory.

B. Utility Theory.

C. Decision Tree Analysis.

D. Sensitivity Analysis.

E. Probability Analysis

正确答案:B


The Japanese resource management model exhibits:

A a cooperative spirit of goal setting.

B non-specialized career paths

C frequent changes in team assignments

D a Theory Z style. of management

E All of the above.

正确答案:E