21年项目管理师答疑精华5章

发布时间:2021-10-12
21年项目管理师答疑精华5章

21年项目管理师答疑精华5章 第1章


当需要减少20%关键路径时间时,你可以采取下列的行动,但-------除外?

A、 增加资源

B、 加速时间进度

C、 消除浮动时间

D、 并行安排活动

正确答案:C


163 During a project review meeting, you discover that your $250,000 project has a negative schedule variance of $20,000 which equates to 12% of the work scheduled to this point of time. You can therefore conclude that:

A. The project will be completed late.

B. The critical path has been lengthened.

C. the costs are being overrun.

D. Overtime will be required to maintain the original critical path.

E. None of the above.

正确答案:E


资源平衡:( )

A.通过对项目进行进度计划编制,使资源时间最小化,有效的利用资源

B.通常对活动历时没有影响

C.可能增加原来的项目工期

D.为了减少项目工期采用的平行工作法

正确答案:C


在什么情况下,重新制定基准计划可以成为成本控制的一个输出?

A、 出现严重成本偏差,必须采取实际的执行措施

B、 修订的成本估算已经准备好并且发布给项目干系人

C、 必须采取纠错行动,达到符合项目计划的预期未来绩效

D、 A和C

正确答案:A


你一直在管理一个要应用许多分包商的项目——为世界上最大的热气球开发和设计一个新的航空电子设备。项目正接近尾声。在过去的4年中,你得到了10个各种各样的合同。有的分包商表现很好且容易共事,有的因为绩效欠佳你不得不终止合同。另一个在付款前还需要完成一些技术记录。还有一个,因为没有遵守适当的合同条款和条件而导致一些异常的支出。在你结束一些合同时,你应该——( )

A.书面通知每个分包商告诉他们的项目结束了

B.为以后的参考准备一个完整的记录索引和合同文件

C.进行变量分析

D.进行采购审计

正确答案:D


23 Feasibility studies occur in which life cycle phase (s)?

A. Conceptual

B. Conceptual or Development

C. Execution

D. Preliminary planning

E. any life cycle phase

正确答案:A


买方已经与卖方达成了一个成本加酬金合同。合同设定的成本为30万美元,目标费为4万美元,分配比例为80/20,最高费为6万美元,最低为1万美元。如果卖方实际成本为38万美元,则买方实际支付的酬金为:

A、$104,000

B、$56,000

C、$30,000

D、$24,000

正确答案:D


● A program can best be described as:

A A grouping of related activities which last two years or more

B The first major subdivision of a project

C A grouping of projects, similar in nature, which support a product or product line and have no definable end point

D A product line

E Another name for a project

正确答案:C


21年项目管理师答疑精华5章 第2章


60 The Utility Theory _____ .

A. considers risk propensity of the decision maker.

B. attempts to formalize management's risk considerations.

C. works well with decision tree analysis.

D. is considered highly theoretical.

E. All of the above

正确答案:B


When a majority of team members must agree before a decision is reached _____.

A some team members may become alienated

B future group effectiveness may become damaged.

C the PM may lose credibility

D the project manager will most likely have to utilize a conflict resolution technique

E All of the above.

正确答案:E


产品可获取的两个成分为:

A、 可用性和可维护性

B、 可生产性和可维护性

C、 可用性和可靠性

D、 可靠性和可维护性

正确答案:D


103 The compromise conflict resolution technique

A. is necessary when both participants must win.

B. results in both sides losing

C. is used when resolution is more important than relationships

D. B and C

E. All of the above

正确答案:B


关于变更,项目经理最应该关注的是:( )

A.发现变更时,就着手进行处理

B.对变更进行记录

C.让管理层知道变更

D.防止不必要的变更

正确答案:D


在一个环境改造项目中,以下哪项是一个增值变更的范例?( )

A.由于政府规定经过修订,需要重新提交设计

B.利用按照原来定的范围不可获取的可以降低成本的技术

C.合用材料清单定义项目的整个范围,包括所有的组件和子组件

D.修正系统设计中遗漏的但应该有的特征

正确答案:B


如果成本的方差和进度的方差一致,且都大于零,那么

A.成本差异是由进度差异决定的

B.这个差异对项目来说是有利的

C.进度差异很容易就能纠正过来

D.自从项目开始以来,工资率上升了

正确答案:B


你负责的这个项目正在开发一个产品,这个产品能让人通过一个复杂的声音识别系统来使用电子邮件。但是公司的市场营销部门刚刚通知你,公司的一个主要竞争对手正在开发一种类似的产品。开始你根据最早开始的原则给项目编制了进度时间表,但是你发现如果采取这种做法,在某个阶段的资源消耗将特别大。加上你并没有太大的时间压力,因此你决定要使用资源平衡的做法。但是现在你有了市场的竞争对手,因此需要按照最早开始的原则编制项目进度时间表。要这样做,你应该使用下列哪项?

A、 资源调控

B、 将资源从关键路径上的活动调配到非关键路径上的活动上

C、 关键环节的进度安排

D、 重新分配资源

正确答案:D


21年项目管理师答疑精华5章 第3章


数量级估算是费用估算的一种.这种估算:

a. 当有详细信息可用时实施

b. 当仅有很少信息可用时实施

c. 在项目概念化初期运用

d. b和c

正确答案:D
d [见学习手册,评估类型 章节,注意:答案B和C都是。数量顺序是在很少或没有可用详细数据时使用,它也用在项目的初期阶段。]


你是一位项目经理,管理着一个医疗数据库系统项目。公司有专业的编程人员负责设计程序,但是你需要从外部购买硬件。项目中负责合同管理的人员告诉你,需要向承包商提供一份产品描述,这个产品描述也被称作

A、工作说明

B、合同范围说明

C、项目章程

D、合同

正确答案:A


183 Two sources of variation in the length of hex bolts exist. Production variation and measurement error. The QC manager knows that the standard deviation from these sources is 0.24" and 0.43" , respectively. What is the total standard deviation.

A. .10 inch.

B. .19 inch.

C. .34 inch.

D. .49 inch.

E. .67 inch

正确答案:D


执行情况报告被用于向利益相关者提供项目范围、进度、成本和质量方面的信息。以下那种陈述最精确的描述了这一过程?

a. 配置控制委员会接到执行情况报告并生成变更报告以修改项目的相关方面.

b. 执行情况报告包括状态报告(详细描述工程状况),进展报告(描述完成情况),和预算(预测未来状况和进度)

c. 执行情况报告着重于调查挣得值分析以确定是否超支并需要更改所需预算

d. 执行情况报告包括柱状图,流程图,线性图以演示网络的丛属及相互关系

e. 执行情况报告提供偏差分析信息,从而有助于项目组遵循零偏差原则

正确答案:B
66.   b. Performance reporting includes status reports, which detail where the project is now;
progress reports, which describe accomplishments; and forecasts, which predict
future status and progress.
The information provided from these reports is valuable only to the extent that the project
manager customer, and other key stakeholders use them to make decisions regarding
present and future actions. In the decision-making process, the project manager needs to
know the current situation (status reports); the past performance capability which led to
the current status (progress reports); and a best estimate of future progress, using past
performance as a predictor (forecasts).


69 The centerline of a standard "Shewhart' control chart represents:

A. the process target

B. the nominal dimension specified by the customer

C. the nominal dimension specified by the designer

D. the true process average or mean

E. the process sample average or mean

正确答案:E


13 The major reason why a project manager would use written instead of oral communication is: A. documentation

B. feedback

C. cost

D. barrier elimination

E. All of the above

正确答案:A


以下描述中哪一个最贴切的描述了费用估算:

a. 是对未来项目进行过程中发生的可能性,不确定性及夸大性进行趋势估定的方法

b. 是组合并预计项目超出其生命周期费用的方法

c. 是制定预算,标准及监测系统以衡量并管理项目投资成本的方法

d. 是在不断进行的基础上搜集,分析,检测,报告并管理成本的一种方法

正确答案:B
b  [PMBOKTM,成本管理  7.2.3 章节,―成本估算输出‖。此答案同“成本估算是完成项目活动所需资源的成本的定量估计”的引证非常匹配。这同原来的PMBOKTM 对成本估算所定义的 “是对一个项目成本的组合和预计的方法。它包含着经济上的评估、项目投资的成本和对将来趋势和成本的预报和预测。 ”有一个小的变化。测试把原来的PMBOKTM的概念作为修订后概念的参考很适当。]


170 A non-critical path activity is completed in half the time. Then,

A. The critical path is also reduced.

B. The slack in the path containing this activity will increase.

C. The total cost for this activity has decreased.

D. Manpower from this activity can be assigned to other activities.

E. All of the above.

正确答案:B


21年项目管理师答疑精华5章 第4章


● What is the purpose of the Project Plan?

A To document the Preliminary estimates.

B To document the Definitive estimates.

C To document the Budgetary estimates.

D To document Parametric estimates.

E To document Order of Magnitude estimates.

正确答案:C


● Creation of project objectives:

A allows for data collection and analysis and progress reporting against which standards of performance can be measured.

B is accomplished by selection of measurable variables against which performance can be judged.

C is required before funding of the project by the project sponsor.

D all of the above.

E A and B only

正确答案:E


135 The Quality Risk _____ .

A. is minimized through continuous monitoring.

B. is considered a long term risk.

C. will be reflected in the in-service life of the project result.

D. B and C

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


买方与卖方签订了一个成本奖励费用的合同合同的目标成本为$300,000目标奖励费为$40,000奖励分摊比例为80/20奖励费用上限为$60,000下限为$10,000如果卖方实际成本为$380,000则买方应支付的奖励费为 ( )

A.$104,000

B.$56,000

C.$40,000

D.$30,000

E.$24,000

正确答案:E


产品可获取的两个成分为:( )

A.可用性和可维护性

B.可生产性和可维护性

C.可用性和可靠性

D.可靠性和可维护性

正确答案:D


55 In a fishbone diagram, the effect you are concerned about is placed:

A. at the right-hand end of the spine.

B. at the end of the diagonal line (i.e. "fin").

C. on a branch of a fin.

D. at the left-hand end of the spine.

E. None of the above

正确答案:A


质量成本是 ( )

A.与对规格及要求的非一致性相关

B.大多由生产线上的工人不负责的工作态度引起的

C.被用于决定一个质量管理计划是否适用于现有的项目

D.对大多数大项目来说都是可忽略的

正确答案:A


你正在为你的项目识别可能的风险,该项目是开发一种美味而有营养的猫食,可以用汉堡的添加品。你要制订一个完整的风险列表,希望未来可以通过这个列表进行定性和定量的风险分析。虽然可以利用许多技术,但是在风险识别中最常用的是

A、面访

B、概率/影响分析

C、风险清单

D、脑力风暴

正确答案:D


21年项目管理师答疑精华5章 第5章


49 Which of the following diagrams is most useful in impact analysis:

A. arrow diagrams

B. precedence diagrams

C. decision trees

D. Pareto diagrams

E. cause and effects diagrams

正确答案:C


50 The salvage value of an asset is:

A. The value of the scrap metal if a new asset were taken to a scrap yard.

B. The value that an asset has on the books after one year of depreciation.

C. The costs that have been sunk into the project to date.

D. The expected cash value at the end of an assets useful life.

E. A and D only.

正确答案:D


4 Total Project Risk:

A. should not be calculated for small projects

B. is the probability of each project risk event times the sum of the consequences of individual project risk events which could occur during the project.

C. Is the cumulative sum of the probability of each individual project risk event times the consequences of occurrence of that risk event.

D. A and B

E. A and C

正确答案:C


17 Increasing resources on the critical path activities may not always shorten the length of the project because:

A. Certain activities are time-dependent rather than resource-dependent (i.e., using three ovens rather than one to bake a cake).

B. Safety, OSHA and EPA may have placed restrictions on the number of people used on certain activities or in the physical location of the project.

C. The skill level of the added resources might not be appropriate for the activities to be performed.

D. Adding more resources may create additional work and produce inefficiencies (i.e., additional people may need training and supervision.)

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


154 A Work Breakdown Structure:

A. assures all work is identified

B. subdivides the project into manageable segments

C. provides the project sponsor with a time-phase task summary

D. both A and B

E. All of the above

正确答案:D


质量和等级是:

A、 相似的概念,可以表明一个实体依赖自己能力满足明示或暗示需求的特征

B、 不同的概念,因为等级属于具有相同职能作用但不同质量要求的实体

C、 表达相似特征的概念,如低质量和低等级

D、 不适用于项目质量管理因为它们都针对制造环境

正确答案:B


效益-成本分析通常

1作为一种项目选择的工具使用

2对回收期提供分析信息

3可被用于决定一个项目是继续或是停止

以上描述哪一个是正确的( )

A.12

B.23

C.13

D.都对

E.都不对

正确答案:C


Project cash reserves are often used for adjustment in escalation factors which may be beyond the control of the project manager. Other than possibly financing (interest) costs and taxes, the three most common escalation factors involve changes in:

A . Overhead rates, labor rates and material costs.

B . Overhead rates, schedule slippages, and rework.

C . Rework, cost-of-living adjustments, and overtime.

D . Material costs, shipping cost, and scope changes.

E . Labor rates, material costs, and cost reporting.

正确答案:A