21年项目管理师考试答案6卷

发布时间:2021-10-19
21年项目管理师考试答案6卷

21年项目管理师考试答案6卷 第1卷


● Once the logic of a network is laid out, the project manager will conduct a forward pass and backward pass through the network. This will provide information on the _____ and identification of the _____ .

A Slack for each activity, critical path.

B Slack for each activity, high risk activities.

C Manpower shortages, high risk activities.

D High risk activities, non-critical paths.

E Manpower availability, contingency plans.

正确答案:A


项目团队应该了解如何利用统计知识进行质量控制。在下面所有涉及的议题中,哪一个是项目团队最需要知道的?

A.样本和概率

B.特性样本和变量样本

C.公差和控制限度

D.具体原因和随机原因

正确答案:A


103 A contract originated bilaterally may be developed by _____ .

A. quotation request from suppliers

B. proposal request

C. bid invitation release

D. B and C

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


184 Using the situation stated in the Special window, which WBS element has a favorable cost variance of $150?

A. Element P

B. Element Q

C. Element R

D. Element S

E. None of the above

正确答案:C


Sources for data on activity durations and resource requirements can be gathered from which of the following:

A.Past project records (historical data)

B.Commercial techniques (standard practices, rules of thumb)

C.Past project team members knowledge (experience, oldtimers)

D.All of the above

E.A and C only

正确答案:D
D


管理层规定所有的项目经理对所有预算超过100万美元的项目应用挣值分析法。你的项目预算是200万美元,因而你必须应用挣值分析法。你的经理在每次会议上要你提供完工估算——估算最可能的项目最成本,完工估算是基于项目绩效和——( )

A.偏差分析

B.超势分析

C.风险量化

D.项目审核的结果

正确答案:C


● Line of balance charts are used most frequently in:

A Engineering

B Marketing

C Manufacturing

D Accounting

E Contracts and procurement

正确答案:C


21年项目管理师考试答案6卷 第2卷


Management has decided to "crash" a project in order to avoid penalty payments for late deliveries. To crash the project, either overtime or additional resources should be assigned to:

A.All activities.

B.Only those activities with the longest time durations.

C.Those activities on the critical path begining with the longest time duration activities.

D.Those activities with the greatest degree of risk.

E.None of the above.

正确答案:C
C


Management decision-making includes:

A.Analysis of alternatives.

B.Revisions/replanning.

C.Resource allocation.

D.Modification or updating of goals and objectives.

E.All of the above.

正确答案:E
E


你是你们公司正在实施的一个新产品项目的项目经理。你认识到要使这个项目取得成功,你的团队必须具备

a. 一条适当的获取该产品相关技巧和知识的途径

b. 在项目实施中要争取让更多的高级雇员来帮助级别较低的团队成员

c. 一套自动的项目管理信息系统

d. 经常性的状态评论会议

正确答案:A
a.  一条适当的获取该产品相关技巧和知识的途径
关于产品的技巧和知识都是项目计划执行的工具。必备的技七和知识是在项目计划编制过程中得以界定并通过获取所需员工得到提供的。[实施]


项目状态报告的主要目的在于:

A、 组织并汇总信息,然后所有项目干系人

B、 把项目问题通知高层管理

C、 通知客户已经完成了的变更

D、 向职能经理提供信息

正确答案:A


Using the scenario in the special window, the project manager appears to be a _____ manager.

A . 1, 9

B . 9, 1

C . 1, 1

D . 9, 9

E . 5, 5

正确答案:E


158 The Pareto Principle is a technique used by quality managers to determine which quality control problems of a particular service or manufacturing process should be corrected. Which of the following statements represents the philosophy of the principle?

A. In order to minimize financial losses from quality control problems, all problems which have a measurable cost associated with them should be corrected.

B. the majority of defects are caused by a small percentage of the identifiable problems. Improvements efforts should be reserved for these vital few problems.

C. in order to achieve zero defects, all quality control problems, including those which do not have a direct financial cost should be corrected.

D. generally, 80 % of the quality control problems are justifiable for correction via cost-benefit analysis. The remaining 20% are not financially worthy of improvement efforts.

E. A and D

正确答案:B


如果一个工作的运作估计花费成本1,500美元,这个工作今天结束,但是却花费了1,350美元而且只完成了三分之二,那么成本偏离是

A.+150美元

B.-150美元

C.-350美元

D.-500美元

正确答案:C


21年项目管理师考试答案6卷 第3卷


试验设计在质量计划编制中的作用在于:( )

A.确定哪些对整体产出影响最大

B.对比各种项目质量管理实践

C.说明系统各元素间的联系

D.确认何处需要进行少量返工

正确答案:A


用来减少或者控制风险的技术和方法是下列哪一机制的一部份:

a. 风险评估

b. 风险应变规划

c. 经验教训学习

d. 风险分析

正确答案:B


Abranham Maslow的需求层次理论着重于五个领域可以激励个人(如果得到实现的话)。以下哪项不属于这五个领域?( )

A.自我实现

B.生理

C.社会

D.责任

正确答案:D


● Creation of project objectives:

A allows for data collection and analysis and progress reporting against which standards of performance can be measured.

B is accomplished by selection of measurable variables against which performance can be judged.

C is required before funding of the project by the project sponsor.

D all of the above.

E A and B only

正确答案:E


111 All of the following statements about control charts are true except:

A. Control charts can be used to establish as well as maintain process control

B. control charts are used to detemine acceptance limits when no limits are stipulated by the product specification; otherwise, one should use the limits dictated by the specification.

C. all data points outside the control chart limits are variations explained by assignable causes.

D. A and B.

E. B and C

正确答案:E


你准备结束项目的合同,你应该评审以下各类文件,除了——( )

A.合同收尾的有关文件

B.采购审计

C.发票和付款记录

D.卖方绩效报告

正确答案:B


你的项目有一些不同的工作结果。你正在收集关于这些工作结果的信息,包括有哪些方面消耗了项目成本,完成了哪些可交付产品以及哪些还没有完成。你将在下列哪项流程中使用这些信息?

A、项目计划执行

B、全面变更控制

C、业绩报告

D、范围核实

正确答案:D


21年项目管理师考试答案6卷 第4卷


76 Risk classified as unknown unknowns (i.e., those which cannot be identified or evaluated): A. should be deflected to the contracting officer

B. should be handled via contingency allowances

C. should be ignored, since they cannot be identified

D. should be ignored, since they are not covered in the Project Risk Assessment

E. C and D

正确答案:B


以下哪一项是风险管理纠正活动的例子?( )

A.进行一个风险审计

B.制定进一步的风险响应计划

C.执行意外事件计划

D.进行风险评审

正确答案:C


The "zero defect" concept was proposed by:

A . Deming

B . Juran

C . Crosby

D . Tagushi

E . A and D only

正确答案:C


165 Project managers need exceptionally good communication and negotiation skills primarily because: A. They may be leading a team over which they have no direct control

B. Procurement activities mandate this

C. They are expected to be technical experts

D. They must provide executive/customer/sponsor briefings

E. All of the above

正确答案:A


In preparing a good project definition, experienced project managers will:

AConcentrate mainly on the end product rather than costs or benefits. These come later.

BRealize that only the "tip of the iceberg" may be showing. As a project manager, you must get beneath it.

CUnderstand that a project definition/plan is a dynamic rather than static tool, and thus subject to change.

DTry to convert objectives into quantifiable terms.

EAll of the above

正确答案:E
E


189 In project-driven companies, costs are usually billed againest the project based upon:

A. The burdened labor rate of the actual employees who performed the work.

B. The burdened labor rate of the line organization average salary.

C. The burdened labor rate of the company average salary.

D. The burdened labor rate of the average salary of the project team members.

E. None of the above

正确答案:A


63 When planning, organizing, coordinating, and controlling a project an important human resources skill or ability would be

A. Building multi-disciplinary teams

B. Managing conflict

C. Communicating orally and in writing with all levels of personnel

D. Involving senior management

E. All are important

正确答案:E


21年项目管理师考试答案6卷 第5卷


你被任命支管理一个有关企业资源计划(ERP)系统的设计.发展和实施的项目。你将要与一个ERP软件商洽谈购买事宜。你认识到对于这些实时系统的项目而言,详细计划是成功的先决条件,你建立了一个主要干系人的团队来帮助准备计划。为了促进项目计划的编制工作,你应该使用( )

A.“自制-购入”分析

B.从前面的计划中获得的经验教训和其它的历史数据

C.收益-成本分析

D.项目管理信息系统

正确答案:D


担保成本是以下哪种成本的范例?

A、 内部失败成本

B、 评估成本

C、 外部失败成本

D、 客户满意成本

正确答案:C


项目小组衡量风险应对计划实施有效性时,是将计划实施结果与下列哪个因素进行对比( )

A.可接受的风险承受度

B.风险评分

C.风险的概率/影响评级

D.项目的总体风险评级

正确答案:A
项目所有者、客户或者项目监控方可能对风险表现出不同的承受能力。风险管理计划应该制定出可接受的风险承受度做为项目小组衡量风险应对计划实施有效性的标准。


The comprehensive review of a contractor's technical performance, cost performance, and delivery schedule, is referred to as:

A post project evaluation

B post contract evaluation

C post mortem

D procurement performance evaluation

E contractor's performance evaluation

正确答案:E


Filling vacant positions by recruiting within the organization

A . Is exempt from equal employment opportunity laws

B . Is less expensive than recruiting externally

C . Can help provide new and innovative ideas to the organization

D . Is more time consuming than recruiting externally

E . A and B

正确答案:B


统计控制图这个工具主要用来帮助( )

A.随时监控过程偏差

B.测定吻合度

C.确定结果是否吻合

D.确定结果是否符合要求

正确答案:A


166 Guidelines for estimating time durations include:

A. Assuming a normal level of labor and equipment.

B. Assuming a normal work week.

C. Using consistent time units

D. Using past actual durations as guides.

E. All or part of each of the above

正确答案:E


21年项目管理师考试答案6卷 第6卷


94 The definitive terms of a contract are written during which of the following contract phases? A. Contract Phase

B. Post-Award Phase

C. Award Phase

D. Pre-Award Phase

E. Requirement Phase

正确答案:C


163 During a project review meeting, you discover that your $250,000 project has a negative schedule variance of $20,000 which equates to 12% of the work scheduled to this point of time. You can therefore conclude that:

A. The project will be completed late.

B. The critical path has been lengthened.

C. the costs are being overrun.

D. Overtime will be required to maintain the original critical path.

E. None of the above.

正确答案:E


149 The project stakeholders should be actively involved with the _____ phase(s) of the life cycle. A. Conceptual

B. Development.

C. Execution

D. Finish

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


46 Which of the following results are Win/Win conflict resolution?

A. compromising

B. forcing

C. problem solving

D. smoothly

E. withdraw

正确答案:C


175 The most common types of schedules are Gantt charts, milestone charts, line of balance, and: A. Networks.

B. Time phased events.

C. Calendar integrated activities.

D. A and C only.

E. B and C only

正确答案:A


Universal characteristics of effective project managers include such skills as communication, decision-making, planning, ability to identify problems and:

A . Performing feasibility studies

B . Proposal preparation

C . being close to the customer

D . Maturity

E . None of the above are universal characteristics

正确答案:E


以下哪个术语用于描述延迟后续活动的逻辑关系的调整( )

A.滞后

B.超前

C.时差

D.闲置(Slack)

正确答案:A