● Once the logic of a network is laid out, the project manager will conduct a forward pass and backward pass through the network. This will provide information on the _____ and identification of the _____ .
A Slack for each activity, critical path.
B Slack for each activity, high risk activities.
C Manpower shortages, high risk activities.
D High risk activities, non-critical paths.
E Manpower availability, contingency plans.
103 A contract originated bilaterally may be developed by _____ .
A. quotation request from suppliers
B. proposal request
C. bid invitation release
D. B and C
E. All of the above
184 Using the situation stated in the Special window, which WBS element has a favorable cost variance of $150?
A. Element P
B. Element Q
C. Element R
D. Element S
E. None of the above
Sources for data on activity durations and resource requirements can be gathered from which of the following:
A.Past project records (historical data)
B.Commercial techniques (standard practices, rules of thumb)
C.Past project team members knowledge (experience, oldtimers)
D.All of the above
E.A and C only
● Line of balance charts are used most frequently in:
E Contracts and procurement
Management has decided to "crash" a project in order to avoid penalty payments for late deliveries. To crash the project, either overtime or additional resources should be assigned to:
B.Only those activities with the longest time durations.
C.Those activities on the critical path begining with the longest time duration activities.
D.Those activities with the greatest degree of risk.
E.None of the above.
Management decision-making includes:
A.Analysis of alternatives.
D.Modification or updating of goals and objectives.
E.All of the above.
Using the scenario in the special window, the project manager appears to be a _____ manager.
A . 1, 9
B . 9, 1
C . 1, 1
D . 9, 9
E . 5, 5
158 The Pareto Principle is a technique used by quality managers to determine which quality control problems of a particular service or manufacturing process should be corrected. Which of the following statements represents the philosophy of the principle?
A. In order to minimize financial losses from quality control problems, all problems which have a measurable cost associated with them should be corrected.
B. the majority of defects are caused by a small percentage of the identifiable problems. Improvements efforts should be reserved for these vital few problems.
C. in order to achieve zero defects, all quality control problems, including those which do not have a direct financial cost should be corrected.
D. generally, 80 % of the quality control problems are justifiable for correction via cost-benefit analysis. The remaining 20% are not financially worthy of improvement efforts.
E. A and D
Abranham Maslow的需求层次理论着重于五个领域可以激励个人（如果得到实现的话）。以下哪项不属于这五个领域？（ ）
● Creation of project objectives:
A allows for data collection and analysis and progress reporting against which standards of performance can be measured.
B is accomplished by selection of measurable variables against which performance can be judged.
C is required before funding of the project by the project sponsor.
D all of the above.
E A and B only
111 All of the following statements about control charts are true except:
A. Control charts can be used to establish as well as maintain process control
B. control charts are used to detemine acceptance limits when no limits are stipulated by the product specification; otherwise, one should use the limits dictated by the specification.
C. all data points outside the control chart limits are variations explained by assignable causes.
D. A and B.
E. B and C
76 Risk classified as unknown unknowns (i.e., those which cannot be identified or evaluated): A. should be deflected to the contracting officer
B. should be handled via contingency allowances
C. should be ignored, since they cannot be identified
D. should be ignored, since they are not covered in the Project Risk Assessment
E. C and D
The "zero defect" concept was proposed by:
A . Deming
B . Juran
C . Crosby
D . Tagushi
E . A and D only
165 Project managers need exceptionally good communication and negotiation skills primarily because: A. They may be leading a team over which they have no direct control
B. Procurement activities mandate this
C. They are expected to be technical experts
D. They must provide executive/customer/sponsor briefings
E. All of the above
In preparing a good project definition, experienced project managers will:
AConcentrate mainly on the end product rather than costs or benefits. These come later.
BRealize that only the "tip of the iceberg" may be showing. As a project manager, you must get beneath it.
CUnderstand that a project definition/plan is a dynamic rather than static tool, and thus subject to change.
DTry to convert objectives into quantifiable terms.
EAll of the above
189 In project-driven companies, costs are usually billed againest the project based upon:
A. The burdened labor rate of the actual employees who performed the work.
B. The burdened labor rate of the line organization average salary.
C. The burdened labor rate of the company average salary.
D. The burdened labor rate of the average salary of the project team members.
E. None of the above
63 When planning, organizing, coordinating, and controlling a project an important human resources skill or ability would be
A. Building multi-disciplinary teams
B. Managing conflict
C. Communicating orally and in writing with all levels of personnel
D. Involving senior management
E. All are important
The comprehensive review of a contractor's technical performance, cost performance, and delivery schedule, is referred to as:
A post project evaluation
B post contract evaluation
C post mortem
D procurement performance evaluation
E contractor's performance evaluation
Filling vacant positions by recruiting within the organization
A . Is exempt from equal employment opportunity laws
B . Is less expensive than recruiting externally
C . Can help provide new and innovative ideas to the organization
D . Is more time consuming than recruiting externally
E . A and B
166 Guidelines for estimating time durations include:
A. Assuming a normal level of labor and equipment.
B. Assuming a normal work week.
C. Using consistent time units
D. Using past actual durations as guides.
E. All or part of each of the above
94 The definitive terms of a contract are written during which of the following contract phases? A. Contract Phase
B. Post-Award Phase
C. Award Phase
D. Pre-Award Phase
E. Requirement Phase
163 During a project review meeting, you discover that your $250,000 project has a negative schedule variance of $20,000 which equates to 12% of the work scheduled to this point of time. You can therefore conclude that:
A. The project will be completed late.
B. The critical path has been lengthened.
C. the costs are being overrun.
D. Overtime will be required to maintain the original critical path.
E. None of the above.
149 The project stakeholders should be actively involved with the _____ phase(s) of the life cycle. A. Conceptual
E. All of the above
46 Which of the following results are Win/Win conflict resolution?
C. problem solving
175 The most common types of schedules are Gantt charts, milestone charts, line of balance, and: A. Networks.
B. Time phased events.
C. Calendar integrated activities.
D. A and C only.
E. B and C only
Universal characteristics of effective project managers include such skills as communication, decision-making, planning, ability to identify problems and:
A . Performing feasibility studies
B . Proposal preparation
C . being close to the customer
D . Maturity
E . None of the above are universal characteristics