2021项目管理师考试真题及详解8篇

发布时间:2021-10-25
2021项目管理师考试真题及详解8篇

2021项目管理师考试真题及详解8篇 第1篇


162 Project leadership requires that the project manager pay attention simultaneously to the:

A. Tasks to be performed and needs of the team

B. Quantity and quality of the work to be performed

C. Efficiency and effectiveness of the team

D. Time, cost and performance deliverables

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


一场雷暴造成24小时的停电。白天生产的产品被发现有 50%的不合格。此种不合格是下列那一个的例子:

a. 可变样本

b. 特殊原因

c. 预防性

d. 检查

e. 随即原因

正确答案:B
b [缺陷的产生是由于超出正常生产控制范围之外的事件或异常事件造成的。]


W?爱德华?戴明(W.EDwarD Deming)早期鼓励公司“通过事先将质量建立在产品中,从而不再需要大量的检验”。戴明认为,一般情况下,当产品离开生产线时或在一些主要的阶段都要对其进行检验,有缺陷的产品或者扔掉或者返工,两种选择成本都很高。事实上,这一过程意味着公司花钱让工人制造废品,然后又花钱让他们去改正。戴明后来认识到检验的价值,并对其观点进行修正,说人们应该“理解检验的目的”。他说,“检验应该从专业的方式进行,而不是用一种随意的方法。”这点支持PMBOK,因为后者提出,检验能被用于确定结果是否符合需要。检验还可被称做——( )

A.控制检验

B.走查

C.抽样统计

D.核对清单

正确答案:B


179 In the project environment, the individual ultimately responsible for quality control is:

A. The line workers who must strive "to do things right the first time" to avoid quality problems.

B. the company's quality control manager who must work with the project members to ensure the quality control program is effective.

C. The head of the production department who retains ultimate quality control responsibility for all the company's projects.

D. The project manager who has ultimate responsibility for the entire project.

E. the customer who must ensure that he is receiving a quality product from the vendor

正确答案:D


以下哪项不是风险管理过程的输入

A、 历史资料

B、 经验教训

C、 WBS

D、 项目状态报告

正确答案:D


某项目经理想针对计划项目的实际结果编写报告,他会采用:( )

A.趋势报告

B.预测报告

C.状态报告

D.变量报告

正确答案:D


2021项目管理师考试真题及详解8篇 第2篇


You must produce 27 widgets. You can only produce 9 widgets per production run. Each production line setup costs $1000. Each widget consumes $10 worth of material and $5 worth of labor. What is total variable cost for producing one widget.

A . ¥1,020

B . ¥1,010

C . ¥1,015

D . ¥20

E . None of the above

正确答案:E


104 When a majority of team members must agree before a decision is reached _____.

A. some team members may become alienated

B. future group effectiveness may become damaged.

C. the PM may lose credibility

D. the project manager will most likely have to utilize a conflict resolution technique

E. All of the above.

正确答案:E


168 The contractual statement of work (CSOW)

A. Must be the same as the proposal statement of work

B. Does not identify reporting requirements

C. Can be at a different level of detail (i.e. WBS level) than the proposal statement of work

D. Identifies the contractor's organizational structure for the project

E. All of the above

正确答案:C


Which of the following scheduling methods uses more of the risk management concepts:

A ADM

B PDM

C CPM

D PERT

E Gantt

正确答案:D


变更请求可能来自:

A、 对项目章程的审核

B、 对执行项目的组织的战略计划的回顾

C、 项目团队解决问题的技能要行以提高

D、 范围定义出错或遗漏

正确答案:D


A work breakdown structure is most useful for:

A.identifying individual tasks for a project

B.scheduling the start of tasks

C.developing a cost estimate

D.determining potential delays

E.A and C

正确答案:E
E


2021项目管理师考试真题及详解8篇 第3篇


对多项目进行进度计划编制和资源时,以下哪项参数将受到影响?

A、 资源命名用和资源平衡

B、 历时压缩和模拟

C、 活动清单和工作分解结构

D、 进度计划滑动和进行中存货

正确答案:D


The project charter is prepared in which scope management process?

A . Initiation

B . Scope planning

C . Scope Definition

D . Scope change control

E . Scope verification

正确答案:A

 


项目章程包括:

A、 前导图法

B、 任务估算

C、 详细的资源估算

D、 项目的商业需要

正确答案:D


Which of the following types of contracts allows the owner to transfer risk to the contractor:

A cost plus incentive fee

B cost sharing

C firm fixed price

D cost plus fixed fee

E performance guarantees

正确答案:C


163 Many companies self insure against some risk. Problems which can arise from self-insurance include:

A. failure to reserve funds to handle worst case scenarios (low probability events) resulting in severe financial damage to the company

B. stiff competition from insurance companies

C. confusion of business risks with insurable risks.

D. A and C

E. All of the above

正确答案:D


● A program is characterized as:

A a grouping or related tasks lasting one year or less.

B a unique undertaking having a definite time period.

C a grouping of similar projects having no definite end that supports the product(s) from cradle to grave.

D a project with a cost over $1 million.

E None of the above.

正确答案:C


2021项目管理师考试真题及详解8篇 第4篇


A task-oriented family tree of activities is a:

A.Detailed plan.

B.Linear responsibility chart.

C.Work breakdown structure.

D.Cost account coding system.

E.Work package description.

正确答案:C
C


类比估算:( )

A.使用自下而上估算技术

B.常用于项目执行阶段

C.使用自上而下估算技术

D.使用实际历史成本

正确答案:C


Formal written correspondence is mandated in which of the following situations:

A Product undergoes casual in-house testing

B Client requests additional work not covered under contract

C Project manager calls a meeting

D B and C only

E None of the above

正确答案:B


范围核实:( )

A.提高确定成本和时间表的精确度,特别是对于那些应用革新技术的项目

B.是交付客户前的最后一项活动

C.记录项目制造的产品或者服务的特点

D.与质量控制不同,因为范围确定讨论是否接受的问题,而不是正确与否的问题

正确答案:D


114 The cost of corrective action taken by the purchaser and chargeable to the supplier under the terms of the contract is:

A. Payment authorization

B. Bid cost considerations

C. Release payment

D. Back charge

E. None of the above

正确答案:D


当选择一个项目的时候,衡量项目的价值以及项目对于所有干系人的吸引力是非常重要的。你的公司在项目选择中使用多种标准并且把它们整合成一个衡量的指标。你已经建立了一个在不确定性下决策的方法。这就是:

A、项目的备选实施方案

B、决策模型和计算方法

C、逻辑框架分析

D、层次分桥过程

正确答案:B


2021项目管理师考试真题及详解8篇 第5篇


51 Which of the following types of contracts allows the owner to transfer risk to the contractor:

A. cost plus incentive fee

B. cost sharing

C. firm fixed price

D. cost plus fixed fee

E. performance guarantees

正确答案:C


61 The document authorizing functional areas to charge against the project is the:

A. Work authorization form.

B. Scope baseline

C. Project charter

D. Management plan

E. Linear responsibility chart

正确答案:A


你负责管理一组人员,你们要从三个项目中选择出一个来。这个项目是开发一种针对痱子热毒的解毒剂。在会议上,许多小组成员已经决定使用何种项目技术。有些倾向于使用内部回报率(IRR),有些则主张使用收益成本率(BCR)。在决定使用的方法时,你的第一步是

A、 比较选择技术,辨别各自的优缺点

B、 如果适用于项目,使用公司应用最多的技术

C、 使用大多数小组成员都了解的方法

D、 明确本公司管理的哲学和意愿

正确答案:D


151 Scope reporting is the timely determination, _____, and _____ of project progress, status data, and transforming this into structured documentation (reports) necessary to judge project performance (reporting on work packages).

A. Recording, accumulation.

B. Recording, graphical display.

C. Accumulation, graphical display.

D. Graphical display, interpretation.

E. Interpretation, analysis

正确答案:A


An acceptance control chart has limits that are based on the spec. limits for the product rather than limits which differentiate between random and assignable causes. Under which of the following circumstances should a QC manager consider this type chart

A . When the engineering tolerance on a dimension greatly exceeds the natural dispersion of the manufacturing process

B . When the number of samples outside the current control chart limits become too costly and cumbersome to investigate.

C . When a process is subject to constant but stable tool wear.

D . A and B.

E . A and C

正确答案:E


110 Using the figure in the Special window, The critical path is:

A. A-B-G

B. C-G

C. C-D

D. E-F

E. A-B-G and C-D

正确答案:B


2021项目管理师考试真题及详解8篇 第6篇


Traits of a participative manager include:

A being accessible

B being an effective delegator

C holding social gatherings

D All of the above.

E A and C

正确答案:E


合同类型选择与风险的程度或项目经理面对的不确定性有关。从买方的预期来说,低风险情况下理想的合同类型是——( )

A.绝对固定价格

B.固定价格加激励

C.成本加固定费用

D.成本加一定百分数的成本

正确答案:A


120 Management calls a meeting to explain to all employees the new benefits package for the rank and file. This is an example of:

A. Upward communication

B. Downward communication

C. One-way communication

D. Two-way communication

E. None of the above.

正确答案:C


过去,你在提交项目进展状况报告的时候喜欢甘特图 ,以为这种表比较容易看懂,即使是高级管理机构也不例外。项目办公室今天发布了一个新的程序要求项目经理准备里程碑表示每两个星期更新一次。里程碑表与条形表不一样,它显示了( )

A.主要事件的开始和完成时间

B.行为开始和结束日期

C.活动预期的持续时间

D.活动之间的依附性

正确答案:A


在项目第一个阶段结束时,在开始下一个阶段之前你应确保-----

A、 具备下个阶段所用的资源

B、 进展符合其基线计划

C、 为达到项目结果采取纠正措施

D、 该阶段已经达到目标并正式接收其可交付成果

正确答案:D


如果项目A的净现值为30000美元,项目B的为50000美元,那么选取B的机会成本是多少?( )

A.23000美元

B.30000美元

C.20000美元

D.50000美元

正确答案:B


2021项目管理师考试真题及详解8篇 第7篇


项目A通过使用矩阵型组织机构进行管理项目经理直接向一个对项目提供支持的资深副总裁汇报在这种情况下下列哪种情况可最恰如其仅仅建的描述项目经理的权利 ( )

A.在这种强矩阵组织机构中权利向职能部门经理倾斜

B.在这种紧密矩阵车工或权利向项目经理倾斜

C.在这种强矩阵组织形式中权利向项目经理倾斜

D.项目经理在危机时刻不会被重新任命

E.项目经理不会感受到来自项目利害关系人的压力

正确答案:C


权变措施是指

A、对负面风险事件的一个应急反应

B、当没有预料到的事情发生时遵循一个行动计划

C、对风险管理计划中描述的风险的具体回应

D、一个前瞻性的、有计划的风险应对措施

正确答案:A


工作包是:( )

A.WBS最低层的可交付成果

B.带有一个特定标示符的任务

C.要求的汇报级别

D.可以分配给一个以上组强单位的任务

正确答案:A


下列哪一种技术没有被用来报告绩效:

a. 柱线图

b. S曲线

c. 矩形图

d. 鱼刺图

正确答案:D


你已经决定什对每项活动或任务采用一次估算法来估算项目,之后你将会采用什么方法?( )

A.PERT

B.PDM

C.CPM

D.WBS

正确答案:C


在活动历时估算期间或之后,以下哪项不是一项活动?( )

A.活动历时估算

B.估算基础

C.活动列表更新

D.WBS更新

正确答案:D


2021项目管理师考试真题及详解8篇 第8篇


你是建设一个生猪养殖厂项目的经理。当地居民和环保团体反对该项目。他们已经提供了一系列数据显示厂里焚烧的内脏和猪尸体将产生有害的甚至有毒的气体,对当地居民有危害。他们威胁将公司告上法庭。你发现你的大量时间花费在平息他们的担忧。在花费大量时间和精力之后,你说服管理层同意将项目迁至一个新的镇外的厂址。这是以下哪种风险反应的例子: ( )

A.被动接受

B.主动接受

C.缓解风险

D.回避风险

正确答案:D


You must produce 27 widgets. You can only produce 9 widgets per production run. Each production line setup costs $1000. Each widget consumes $10 worth of material and $5 worth of labor. What is total variable cost for producing one widget.

A . ¥1,020

B . ¥1,010

C . ¥1,015

D . ¥20

E . None of the above

正确答案:E


现在已经落实了项目预算,然而在预算或项目范围中却有些工作没有计划到,在哪儿可以找到执行这些新发现的要作的资金? ( )

A.应急储备

B.项目利润

C.管理储备

D.放弃资金

正确答案:C


88 Typically, during which phase in a project life cycle are most of the project expenses incurred. A. Concept phase

B. Development of design phase

C. Execution phase.

D. Termination phase.

E. None of the above

正确答案:C


用来预测项目完成日期的SPI运用的计算方程式是:

A.EV/AC

B.PV/EV

C.ACWS/PV

D.EV/PV

正确答案:D


对产出的100%检测是 ( )

A.保证质量的经验证的最好方法

B.太贵对质量管理不是一种有效的方法

C.从来不会但很正确

D.还会留下一些未知缺陷

E.B及D正确

正确答案:B