2021项目管理师历年真题6篇

发布时间:2021-11-15
2021项目管理师历年真题6篇

2021项目管理师历年真题6篇 第1篇


● Management has decided to "crash" a project in order to avoid penalty payments for late deliveries. To crash the project, either overtime or additional resources should be assigned to:

A All activities.

B Only those activities with the longest time durations.

C Those activities on the critical path begining with the longest time duration activities.

D Those activities with the greatest degree of risk.

E None of the above.

正确答案:C


25 An example of coercive power would be:

A. Demotion

B. Reduction in wages

C. Disciplinary layoff

D. Reprimand

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


How much time does the typical project manager spend communicating (formal and informal)?

A 40% - 60%

B 30% - 70%

C 60% - 80%

D 75% - 90%

E 25% - 55 %

正确答案:D


质量管理计划描述了下面所有的条目,除了

A、质量政策实施方法

B、项目质量体系

C、实施项目质量管理所需要的组织结构,责任,程序,进程,以及资源

D、用来在成本、进度和质量中进行平衡分析的步骤

正确答案:D


在制定自上而下的关键路线法CPM图的起点是 。

a. 项目规格树

b. 客户的交付物目录表

c. 客户的里程碑日期

d. 工作分解结构

正确答案:D


以下哪项不是向预期买方询价的采购文件的名称?

A、 投标邀请函

B、 信息邀请函

C、 报价邀请函

D、 谈判宴请函

正确答案:B


成本管理计划

A、 描述了如何管理CVS

B、 建立了成本基准

C、 衡量和监控项目的成本绩效

D、 建立绩效衡量基准

正确答案:A


2021项目管理师历年真题6篇 第2篇


167 Herzberg identified factors which, if present, will lead to increased motivation. A typical factor would be:

A. Good supervision

B. Job security

C. Regular promotions

D. Good salary

E. A dental plan

正确答案:C


The ability to achieve cost savings is inversely proportional to _____.

A.the earned value achieved to date

B.the estimated costs to complete

C.empowerment to the P.M.

D.productivity

E.None of the above.

正确答案:A
A


118 Which of the following areas are addressed in risk identification:

A. environmental

B. technical

C. legal

D. All of the above.

E. A and B only

正确答案:D


你的项目管理经验告诉你对于成本方差做出的不正确的反应可能会产生质量或者进度问题,或者不可接受的项目风险。你正召开一个团队会议来讨论成本控制的重要性。你的很多团队成员都是项目管理的新手。为了将这个重要的议题介绍和大家,你申明成本控制关注的是( )

A.影响那些会引发成本基准线变更的因素,确保变更是有益的

B.对完成这个项目所需资源的成本形成一个大约估计

C.将全部成本估计分配到各个工作条目

D.建立一个成本基准线

正确答案:A


85 The _____ specification delineates specific end use capabilities which can be tested in the acceptance procedure.

A. performance

B. functional

C. technical

D. base line

E. operational

正确答案:B


你的大女儿最近刚参加WTO的会议回来,她宣布要倾注毕生精力来制止世界银行资助的几个主要发展项目。她宣称这几个项目破坏环境并奴役当地的人们去做毫无意义而低劣的工作。你们公司正在况标世界银行项目,这个项目在开始建设前要进行环境冲突研究。进行这种研究的需要表现了——( )

A.国际事务中也会有冲突

B.一个项目约束

C.在做出竞标还是不竞标的决定时要考虑的因素

D.一个遵守国际法的例子

正确答案:B


19 Project management has been proven to be successful because employees get to see the entire effort, from beginning to end, rather than just small pieces. This could be considered an example of: A. Behavioral modification

B. Linking performance to pay

C. Positive job reinforcement

D. Job enrichment

E. All of the above

正确答案:D


2021项目管理师历年真题6篇 第3篇


151 Non-conformance penalties are a form. of _____.

A. quality incentive

B. risk sharing

C. contract negotiations

D. quality assurance programs

E. None of the above

正确答案:C


A project manager trying to communicate accurately to the team should use:

A the language of the team members

B the language of the project manager

C non-verbal methods

D written memos

E All of the above.

正确答案:A


93 When a project manager is running over the budgeted costs, the project manager can typically _____ to attempt to get the project back on budget.

A. Reduce features and/or functionality

B. Increase risk.

C. Incur a schedule slippage (to obtain more favorable pricing due to lengthened delivery times)

D. All of the above.

E. A and B only

正确答案:D


有两类风险:商务和可保险型,以下哪项可看作可保险型风险 ( )

A.薪水册成本

B.机会成本

C.沉淀成本

D.有担保的承包商造成的损害

正确答案:D


Using the situation stated in the Special window, what is the schedule variance for Case #8?

A . 1000

B . 2000

C . -1000

D . -2000

E . 0

.

正确答案:B


124 Warranty cost is an example of an _____ .

A. internal failure cost

B. appraisal cost

C. external failure cost

D. customer satisfaction cost

E. All of the above

正确答案:C


114 The Cost Performance Index is computed as:

A. budget cost of work performed divided by actual cost of work performed

B. budget cost of work performed minus actual cost of work performed

C. budget cost of work performed minus budget cost of work scheduled

D. budget cost of work scheduled divided by budget cost of work performed

E. actual cost of work scheduled divided by budget cost of work performed

正确答案:A


2021项目管理师历年真题6篇 第4篇


从控制图上的控制上下限可以了解:

A、 客户的要求

B、 规范限制

C、 可接受的过程偏差幅度

D、 可接受的产品偏差幅度

正确答案:C


通过将剩余项目预算与最新的实际值相加计算EAC的方法,当以下哪一项成立时经常被使用?( )

A.当前的偏差被认为是非典型的

B.因为条件有变,原先的估计假设再也不可靠了

C.当前的偏差被视做以后偏差的典型代表

D.原先的估计假设被认为有根本性错误

正确答案:C


32 The erection of foundation formwork before the placement of foundation concrete would be an example of a _____ dependency.

A. Discretionary

B. Mandatory

C. External

D. Soft logic

E. Subcontracted

正确答案:B


作为项目经理,你相信“人性化”的方法来加强团队建设。被证明是有效的能够达到这个目的的方法是:( )

A.为小组创设一个名称

B.规定灵活的工作时间

C.制订项目章程

D.为重要的或特别的事情举行庆祝活动

正确答案:D


以下哪种情况需要书面变更通知

A、 所有项目,不论大小

B、 大项目

C、 实施正规配置管理系统的项目

D、 需要进行成本变更控制系统的项目

正确答案:A


156 When comparing the cost of competing projects, which of the following is typically NOT considered? A. Opportunity costs.

B. Direct costs.

C. Sunk costs.

D. Indirect costs.

E. Burden rates

正确答案:C


在每个项目结束的 时候,项目小组应该准备一个经验总结的,该总结应该集中在以下方面,除了

A、与组织的其它项目小组分享最后的经验

B、警告其它他人可能发生的问题

C、对缓解风险的方法提出建议,以保证项目成功

D、只分享项目积极的经验,以方便组织的其它项目借鉴

正确答案:D


2021项目管理师历年真题6篇 第5篇


资源平衡最好用于-------活动。( )

A.时间很紧的

B.按时的

C.非关键路径

D.关键路径

正确答案:C


90 Which of the following is equivalent to a lump sum contract:

A. fixed price contract

B. price fixing contract

C. purchase order

D. All of the above.

E. B and C only

正确答案:A


99 All of the following statements about acceptance sampling are true except:

A. Acceptance sampling plans are beneficial when the cost of inspection is high and the resulting loss of passing nonconforming units is not great.

B. Acceptance sampling plans are necessary when destructive inspections are required.

C. Acceptance sampling plans are never effective at rejecting nonconforming units as 100 percent inspection, even when the inspection process is very tedious.

D. Acceptance sampling plans do not directly control the quality of a series of lots; they instead specify the risk of accepting lots of given quality.

E. Acceptance sampling plans are not very effective for inspecting small lots of custom-made products

正确答案:C


186 A network has been developed with resources from six different departments. One of the six departments has just informed you that they can increase the number of employees from 5 to 8. This will result in:

A. A shortening of the critical path.

B. A shortening of the noncritical path.

C. A decrease in the total cost of the project.

D. An increase in the cost of the project.

E. A through D are possible based upon where the resources are deployed

正确答案:E


以下哪项是可以影响项目团队的组织的一个约束因素

A、 执行组织的组织结构

B、 项目团队成员沟通不畅

C、 人员编制不明确

D、 团队士气

正确答案:A


A negative cost variance and positive schedule variance means:

A The project is under budget and ahead of schedule

B The project is over budget and behind schedule

C The project is over budget and ahead of schedule

D The project will be overrun but ahead of schedule at completion

正确答案:C


Clearly defined group goals are important because they _____.

A motivate team behavior

B cause inner tension within team members until they are met

C encourage member interaction

D All of the above.

E A and C

正确答案:D


2021项目管理师历年真题6篇 第6篇


132 Which of the following contract types has the highest risk to the contractor:

A. Firm fixed price (FFP)

B. Time and material (T&M)

C. Cost plus fixed fee (CPFF)

D. Cost plus incentive fee (CPIF)

E. A and B only

正确答案:A


你负责你们公司的质量审计,每个人都不愿意看到你的出现。你被指责为狂热者,因为你对一个项目不是只进行一次,而是要进行多次审计。事实上,有人说你的皮夹中放着W?爱德华?邓明的已褪色的照片,而不是你爱人或孩子的。以下哪一类审计不属于质量审计?( )

A.内部的

B.系统的

C.基准的

D.预期的

正确答案:D


Typically, during which phase in a project life cycle are most of the project expenses incurred.

A . Concept phase

B . Development of design phase

C . Execution phase.

D . Termination phase.

E . None of the above

正确答案:C


一个项目经理领导着一个由科学家组成的团队研发一种新产品专家评定机制仍保留在团队中如果项目经理使用集体参入的管理方式使团队成员尽可能的参入到团队决策中那么项目经理可期望( )

A.生产率提高

B.他的决定可获团队较高满意率

C.其作出决定所需时间较少

D.以上都是

E.A及C

正确答案:B


最近的数据表明每年有10,000多飞机乘客被从座椅顶上落下的行李砸伤。90%以上的此类事故造成了坐在通道座位的乘客头部伤害。你最近被 任命负责一个项目以增加坐在通道作为乘客的安全程度。你进行了内部制造还是外部购买的分析,最后决定将行李架的设计和生产工作承包除去。你的航空公司目前还没有合适的供应商名单采购之用。不希望将这个重要的承包内容只交给一个承包商。因此,项目小组需要制订一个合格的供货商的名单。一般来讲,以下那种方法对于项目小组不会有用?

A、广告

B、因特网

C、贸易产品目录

D、相关的地方供货商行会或协会

正确答案:A


你的项目团队正设计和制造一种不会卡住的智能拉链。你确立了一个项目质量管理系统,并在整个项目过程中执行质量保证和质量控制。你认识到需要进行一些返工。但是“返工”这个词在你的机构中以前没有用过。你解释说返工——( )

A.在一定的环境下可接受的

B.是基于质量控制测量的调整

C.将不合格的活动变成合格的活动

D.如果能尽早检测到错误则不存在这个问题

正确答案:C


无成本结算有时用于——( )

A.结束一个成功的合同

B.正式终止过程

C.当买方的特性按要求已满足时

D.当这种安排被其中的一方接受时

正确答案:B