项目管理师考试真题精选及答案5卷

发布时间:2021-11-22
项目管理师考试真题精选及答案5卷

项目管理师考试真题精选及答案5卷 第1卷


某常规的成本补偿合同审计经确定得知合同的索价过高,假如合同没有规定具体的纠正行动,买方将:

A、 继续支付

B、 暂停付款直到纠正问题

C、 合同无效和开始法律行动重新获取支付过多的付款

D、 更换合同要求更频繁的审计

正确答案:A


92 The highest degrees of project risk and uncertainty are associated with the following phase of the project:

A. conceptual

B. execution

C. cut-over

'D. post project evaluation

E. A and D only

正确答案:A


110 The reason that cost management is so difficult in project management is that:

A. Projects by definition and nature are non-recurring events and are therefore difficult to predict.

B. There are no tools for identifying project tasks.

C. Project managers do not care about tracking costs, as only schedules are important to all project managers.

D. A and B only

E. B and C only

正确答案:A


170 A variance envelope has been established on a project. The envelope goes from +-30% in R&D to +-5% during manufacturing. The reason for the change in thickness of the envelope is because:

A. The management reserve has been used up.

B. The accuracy of the estimates in manufacturing are worse than the estimates in R & D.

C. Tighter controls are always needed as a project begins to wind down.

D. Of the personal desires of the project sponsor.

E. Of none of the above

正确答案:E


32 History has shown that project managers can be trained in a combination of ways. Which method is usually preferred by most companies?

A. Experiential learning, on-the-job

B. Formal education and special course (degreed programs)

C. Professional activities, seminars

D. Individual readings

E. None of the above

正确答案:A


在一个项目的计划阶段你了解到不只一个职能部门掌握完成一项给定任务的技术决窍则项目经理处理这种情况的最好方法是 ( )

A.作出决定并在职责分配图中予以确定并将此图下发给所有的部门

B.让相关部门自己协商由谁来完成这项工作

C.请执行总裁作决定

D.让相关部门各自分担部分工作

正确答案:B


105 Conflict management requires problem-solving. Which of the following is often referred to as a problem-solving technique and used extensively in conflict resolution?

A. Confrontation

B. Compromise

C. Smoothing

D. Forcing

E. Withdrawal

正确答案:A


设计工程师通知你,找到了更便宜的零部件,但是你不能确认该零部件会否影响产品的性能,你必须先:

A、 拒绝更换

B、 根据承包商的固定价来评估零部件的成本

C、 考虑使用新部件会带来的风险

D、 与现有的厂商就这个新部件协商一个更低的价格

正确答案:C


项目管理师考试真题精选及答案5卷 第2卷


李经理被任命为一个项目的领导他必须要仔细检查由客户提供的工作说明下列哪一项是最容易被忽视的 ( )

A.数据类可交付成果

B.应由客户提供的设备设施

C.长期的采购项

D.客户确定的里程碑

E.其它分合同方的配合需求

正确答案:A


已批准预算为100000美元,如果估算为90000-125000美元,这是哪一类估算?

A、 数量级

B、 预算

C、 近似法

D、 限定法

正确答案:B


为保证项目组提供的客户期望的新软件的功能性,项目经理要求客户在设计标准上签名以结束。这些文件是:

a. 技术规格

b. 执行规格

c. 产品描述

d. 质量保证

正确答案:A
a [设计标准是技术规格的类型,它告诉项目组如何完成任务,而执行的规格告诉项目组做什么。正式的客户接受和签字的规格是生产出的产品质量保证和客户满意很关键的一步。]


● A comprehensive definition of scope management would be:

A Managing a project in terms of its objective through the concept, development, implementation, and termination phases of a project.

B Approval of the scope baseline.

C Approval of the detailed project charter.

D Configuration control.

E Approved detailed planning including budgets, resource allocation, linear responsibility charts and management sponsorship.

正确答案:A


你门公司正在设立一个质量成本法来判断质量问题的相对重要性,并以此来识别降低成本的主要途径。你们成本、评估成本、内部不合格成本和外部不合格成本。然而当你检查质量成本的时候,你发现培训及相关费用也是一个主要的影响因素。培训成本被包含在下列哪个方面之中?

A、预防成本

B、评估成本

C、内部不合格成本

D、外部不合格成本

正确答案:A


从项目的角度来看,质量属性:

A、 决定执行组织对项目的支持效率

B、 即可为主观的亦可为客观的

C、 是产品的一些特殊特征,据此进行设计、构减、测试产品

D、 B和C

正确答案:D


23 The work breakdown structure (WBS) is first developed in which scope management process? A. Initiation

B. Scope planning

C. Scope change control

D. Scope

Definition

E. Scope verification

正确答案:D


什么时候需要制定附加风险应对措施

A、 WBS发生变化

B、 成本基准计划发生变化

C、 预料之外的风险事件或影响大于预期影响

D、 项目计划于更新

正确答案:C


项目管理师考试真题精选及答案5卷 第3卷


135 A project manager wants to transmit a complex message to several subordinates. What is the best medium by which the manager can get his message across?

A. Oral

B. Written

C. Nonverbal

D. A and B only

E. A, B, and C

正确答案:E


Budgeted contingencies can be detemined by:

A past experience

B applying standard allowances

C detemining the sum total of the most probable variances of the various risk items properly identified.

D All of the above.

E None of the above.

正确答案:D


174 When subordinates know pertinent information that is not known by the project manager, the result is:

A. Blindspot

B. Facade

C. region of influence

D. Communication power base

E. None of the above

正确答案:A


25 Forecasting human resource requirements necessitates making predictions about both the supply and demand of human resources. Which of the following is not a method used to forecast the demand for human resources?

A. Delphi Method

B. Regression Analysis

C. PERT Charts

D. Staffing Tables

E. Time Series Analysis

正确答案:C


你正在和一队从新英格兰地区来的商务人员共进午餐。每个人都要了汤作为开胃的食品。当你正要开始吃时,你听到一个让你生气的声音;10个人同时在啧啧地喝汤。你们国家的人吃饭可不是这个样子。你从小受的教育是吃饭不要出声。现在你认识到你的商业伙伴从小受到的关于吃的方面的教育与你的不一样。你对自己说,“这是我首次遇到的文化冲突”。然后你也开始啧啧地喝汤。你已将你个人的偏见放到了一边,并且已经向前走了一步,这就是——( )

A.将其他人的世界整合进你的世界

B.以全球的眼光看待新的观念

C.随时接受改变

D.理解并重视别人

正确答案:D


197 Proper implementation of project management will guarantee that:

A. Budgets will be met.

B. Schedules will be adhered to. "

C. Quality/performance will be met.

D. The project will be a success.

E. None of the above

正确答案:E


构成质量成本的五个主要内容是( )

A.预防评价内部失误外部失误及检测用设备

B.规格QA计划QC计划拒收件及收货物

C.人员培训回顾设备及拒收货物

D.样件设计构思生产构思培训及返工

正确答案:A


元信息传递学、辅助语言学、二次信息及隐含元沟通都是指——( )

A.沟通技巧

B.沟通需求

C.练习容忍及妥协的方法

D.非语言沟通

正确答案:D


项目管理师考试真题精选及答案5卷 第4卷


45 The most common definition of project success is:

A. Within time

B. Within time and cost

C. Within time, cost and technical performance requirements

D. Within time, cost, performance and accepted by the customer/user

E. None of the above

正确答案:D


三点法统计估算公式:期望值=( )

A.(乐观估算+(4X最可能估算)+悲观估算)× 6

B.(乐观估算+(4X最可能估算)+悲观估算)/ 6

C.(乐观估算+(4X最可能估算)×悲观估算)/ 6

D.(乐观估算+(4+最可能估算)+悲观估算)/ 6

正确答案:B
在计划评审技术(PERT)中用到这个公式计算估计工期分布的中值。


最近的数据表明每年有10,000多飞机乘客被从座椅顶上落下的行李砸伤。90%以上的此类事故造成了坐在通道座位的乘客头部伤害。你最近被 任命负责一个项目以增加坐在通道作为乘客的安全程度。你进行了内部制造还是外部购买的分析,最后决定将行李架的设计和生产工作承包除去。你的航空公司目前还没有合适的供应商名单采购之用。不希望将这个重要的承包内容只交给一个承包商。因此,项目小组需要制订一个合格的供货商的名单。一般来讲,以下那种方法对于项目小组不会有用?

A、广告

B、因特网

C、贸易产品目录

D、相关的地方供货商行会或协会

正确答案:A


为了一个特别的项目目的准备安排资金是要:

a. 拨款

b. 分配

c. 授权

d. 委托

正确答案:C


Which of the following is often overlooked in achieving effective communication?

A speaking clearly

B listening

C interpreting

D maintaining eye contact

E manipulating the conversation

正确答案:B


你被任命为一个项目的项目经理。在你曾经参加过的项目中, 整个团队的成员在项目动员大会之后就很少再碰面,你对这种做法比较失望。因为在整个项目进展过程中项目团队成员看不到项目进展的整体情况,有时你也看不到呈报给高层管理者的鲜明进展报告。因此你相信与项目团队成员分享信息是非常重要的。作为项目经理,你最先采取的行动就是建立一套信息检索系统。而下列哪一项不属于信息检索系统的一部分?

A.受动归档系统

B.项目管理软件

C.项目内部网

D.电子数据库

正确答案:C


The zero defects concept

A . is a performance standard for management

B . is a motivational technique that promotes "doing it right the first time".

C . is used by management to communicate to all employees that everyone should do things right the first time.

D . A and C.

E . B and C

正确答案:D


A plan has budgeted three weeks of effort for consultants, but the job was done in only two weeks. Calculate the variance:

A . 1.50%

B . 33.00%

C . 75%

D . 67%

E . None of the above.

正确答案:B


项目管理师考试真题精选及答案5卷 第5卷


Scope Management:

A.entails managing the project's work content.

B.is a subset of configuration management and as such is performed by CM specialists.

C.is concerned with naming all activities performed, the end products which results and the resources consumed.

D.is not a concern of the project manager.

E.None of the above.

正确答案:C
C


104 Using the situation stated in the Special window, the schedule performance index (SPI) for WBS Element P is:

A. 1.10

B. 0.90

C. 0.956

D. 1.15

E. 0.869

正确答案:A


A(n) _____ system is designed to ensure the timely availability of nonhuman resources, and includes the cost in procurement, shipping/freight, storage and loss.

A . Inventory control.

B . Materials management.

C . Procurement.

D . All of the above.

E . A and C only.

正确答案:B


124 The Statement of Work (SOW) is developed during the _____ cycle.

A. Award

B. Solicitations

C. requirements

D. contractual

E. requisitions

正确答案:C


178 In performing an impact analysis, the most effective tool to ensure all risks are identified on large projects is the:

A. Work breakdown structure

B. milestone review and schedule technique

C. cost/schedule control system

D. planning programming budget system

E. program and evaluation review technique

正确答案:A


某天晚上下班的时候,由于司机休假,你们公司的(CEO)不得不自己开车。但是他怎么也找不到出楼的路,加上他本来已经比较疲惫了,所以他感到非常恼火。第二天就找人要改善本楼的出入系统,以方便大家进出。而你正是这个出入系统的项目经理,你决定用流程图来做什么事情?

A.帮助分析问题是如何出现的

B.表明任务之间的依赖关系

C.说明一个流程的结果

D.预测未来成果

正确答案:A


以下各项关于规避风险的陈述除了---------都是正确的

A、 关心消除引起风险的元素

B、 包括决定不对风险过高的项目进行投标

C、 风险倘若发生,就接受后果

D、 当客户对利于降低风险时,将风险遗留给客户

正确答案:C


作为以下哪项的一部分进行自制或外包分析 ( )

A.询价

B.采购规划

C.竞争投标

D.合同管理

正确答案:B