2021项目管理师历年真题9篇

发布时间:2021-11-22
2021项目管理师历年真题9篇

2021项目管理师历年真题9篇 第1篇


项目章程包括:( )

A.前导图法

B.任务估算

C.详细的资源估算

D.项目的商业需要

正确答案:D


● Which of the following are types of status reports?

A document, variance, trend and exception

B cost, trend, schedule and acquisition

C cost, schedule, technical performance

D analysis, cost, performance and schedule

E All of the above.

正确答案:C


成本预算是重要的,因为这种预算被用于测算和监控项目成本绩效。总的成本估计必须分派给单个的活动或工作包以便确定项目的成本基准。理想的情况下,项目经理对成本的估计更喜欢——( )

A.在预算请求之前

B.预算被批准之后

C.应用参数模型

D.应用自上而上的估计方法

正确答案:A


Management of a certain building was receiving complaints about slow elevator service. The solution adopted was to add mirrors in the lobbies to reduce boredom while passengers waited. This is an example of _____ .

A . Kepner-Tregoe method

B . Potential problem analysis

C . Decision analysis

D . Creative problem solving

E . None of the above

正确答案:D


From an operating or functional perspective, there are various objectives of purchasing and materials management. Which is not one of these objectives?

A To buy competitively

B To support company operations with an uninterrupted flow of materials and services

C To develop reliable and effective sources of supply

D To achieve maximum integration with the other departments of the firm

E To attain approval from each department of every purchase

正确答案:E


在变更控制中项目计划很重要是因为项目计划( )

A.提供了变更管理的基准线

B.提供了有关项目业绩的信息

C.警示项目团队在将来可能产生问题的方面

D.被预期在项目整个过程中会变更

正确答案:A


2021项目管理师历年真题9篇 第2篇


80 原项目办公室主管最近在试图登项珠穆朗玛峰的时候不幸遇难了。你成了这个办公室的新主管。由于公司对项目计划和进度存在很多困惑和混乱,所以你迫切地希望马上开始工作。不幸的是,许多项目经理认为项目计划就是进度时间表。而你知道计划远远不止就是个进度时间表,并决定发布包含项目计划在内的数条项目指导方针。你的指导方针指出,工作分解结构(WBS):

A、 由于它会在进度时间表中得到反映,因此项目计划不必包含工作分解结构的内容。

B、 工作分解结构应该作为范围管理计划的一部分

C、 应该对项目工作进行分解,制作WBS,但是只需要分解到第二级水平就可以了

D、 应该对项目工作进行分解,制作WBS,但是需要分解到可以针对其采取各种控制措施的水平

正确答案:D


在项目环境中,以下哪句关于沟通的话是正确的?

A、 项目经理必须承担确保信息接收者已经收到信息的主要任务

B、 高效会议、战争室、紧矩阵促进有效沟通

C、 如果项目有12个人,则有48条沟通渠道

D、 大多项目经理在沟通上花掉工作时间的30%

正确答案:B


The utility of network-based schedules:

A.Reveals interdependencies.

B.Facilitates "what if" exercises.

C.Highlights critical activities.

D.Provides information on resource requirements, time requirements and tradeoffs.

E.All of the above.

正确答案:E

E


你的项目管理工作经验告诉你,你的基本职责就是通过授权,将项目活动和任务分配到小组或个人,依靠他们的力量生产出项目要求的可交付产品。由于你所在的组织不是一个项目型的组织机构,因此你不能直接参与人力资源管理的工作。因此,你需要:( )

A.从外部筹集资源来完成这部分的工作

B.准备一份描述项目团队各成员职责的团队章程,这份章程由人力资源部门签署

C.确保团队成员充分地认识到服从项目行政管理的必要性,以保证他们在工作中服从安排

D.请求人力资源部门主管亲自批准本项目的员工分配计划

正确答案:C


举行项目团队会议时,小组决定在某个特定领域付出额外工作使客户获得,于是他们把额外的工作加进项目中,这知名人士为:

A、 镀金

B、 额外范围

C、 经批准的变更单

D、 好主意

正确答案:A


风险分析最简单的形式是: ( )

A.概率分析

B.敏感分析

C.德尔菲技术

D.效用理论

正确答案:B


2021项目管理师历年真题9篇 第3篇


完成一个项目所需的时间通常被称之为项目的 ( )

A.实施时间

B.生命周期

C.操作时间

D.关键路径

正确答案:B


The most common method for pricing out non-burdened labor hours for a three year project would be to:

A . Price out the hours at the actual salary of the people to be assigned.

B . Price out the work using a company-wide average labor rate.

C . Price out the work using a functional group average labor rate.

D . All of the above.

E . A and B only.

正确答案:C


The project manager must be concerned with building a closely knit team. During the project kickoff meeting, the project manager can get a good start at team building by providing the team with:

A . Proposed salary increases if the project is successful

B . Bonuses for early completion date

C . A promise of future assignments

D . Well-defined project objectives

E . Linear responsibility charts

正确答案:D


Which is not an element of procurement management?

A Purchasing

B Expenditure

C Marketing

D Inspection

E B and D

正确答案:C


Fixed-price contracts place more risk on the _____ .

A owner

B contractor

C seller

D B and C

E All of the above.

正确答案:D


如图

任务 BCWS BCWP ACWP

勘探 500 400 2000

移走碎石 2000 2000 3500

挖孔 3000 2000 2800

建框架 1200 1100 1000

混凝土灌装 5000 2500 3000

此图中哪项任务已被完成( )

A.挖孔

B.移走碎石

C.勘探

D.建框架

E.浇混凝土

正确答案:B


2021项目管理师历年真题9篇 第4篇


34 Planning activities such that predetermined resource availability pools are not exceeded is called: A. Resource leveling.

B. Manpower leveling.

C. Resource limited planning.

D. Manpower planning.

E. Manpower contingency planning

正确答案:C


77 The Delphi Method is _____ .

A. used to derive a consensus arriving at a convergent solution

B. useful in determining probability relating to future events.

C. used with questionnaires based on established scenarios.

D. continued as an iterative process until a solution is reached.

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


185 Using the situation stated in the Special window, the cost performance index (CPI) for WBS Element R is:

A. 0.875

B. 1.14

C. 0.952

D. 0.833

E. 1.20

正确答案:B


对于冲突现代的观点是( )

A.冲突是不好的

B.冲突是由制造事端者引起的

C.应当冲突避免

D.冲突常常是有益的

正确答案:D


21 The "buy or make" decision is usually made during the:

A. acquisition cycle

B. contract evaluation cycle

C. requirements cycle

D. pre-award cycle

E. at any time that is convenient for the project manager

正确答案:C


50 Which of the following is least likely to be used in explaining to a team member why you consider his/her performance substandard?

A. Project office memo

B. counseling session

C. project team meeting

D. formal letter

E. individual conversation

正确答案:C


2021项目管理师历年真题9篇 第5篇


为了进行质量控制而进行的测试结果主要用于:

A、作为编制质量管理计划的一个输入内容

B、用于确定一个操作性定义

C、为绘制控制图做准备

D、作为质量保证的一个输入内容

正确答案:D


At least _____of the cost of quality are the direct responsibility of management.

A . 25%

B . 85%

C . 50%

D . 100%

E . 33%

正确答案:B


135 Increasing resources on the critical path activities may not always shorten the length of the project because:

A. Certain activities are time-dependent rather than resource-dependent (i.e., using three ovens rather than one to bake a cake).

B. Safety, OSHA and EPA may have placed restrictions on the number of people used on certain activities or in the physical location of the project.

C. The skill level of the added resources might not be appropriate for the activities to be performed. D. Adding more resources may create additional work and produce inefficiencies (i.e., additional people may need training and supervision.)

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


执行绩效测量基准是( )

A.BCWS

B.BCWP

C.ACWP

D.ACWS

正确答案:A


如果一个项目雇用了两个人,每个人工作40小时,每小时劳动费用为30美元,其中包括常用开支。在同一时期内雇用的第三个人工作30小时,但是每小时的劳动费用高达50美元。这个星期的PV是

A、 2,400美元

B、 3,600美元

C、 3,660美元

D、 3,900美元

正确答案:D


以下哪种合同让承包商最关心成本估算?

A、 固定价

B、 成本加激励费

C、 时间和材料

D、 CPPF

正确答案:A


2021项目管理师历年真题9篇 第6篇


189 Using the situation stated in the Special window, the total price variance of direct material is: A. $80,245

B. -$4236

C. -$3479

D. $0.69

E. $83,994

正确答案:C


100 % inspection of output is:

A . the best proven method to ensure quality

B . is expensive, ineffective approach to quality management

C . can never be, justified

D . can still leave some defects undetected

E . B and D only

正确答案:E


11 The risk of accepting a lot of poor quality, in acceptance sampling, is referred to as:

A. buyer's risk

B. consumer's risk

C. producer's risk

D. type I error

E. B and D only

正确答案:B


以下哪个公式能最准确的计算活动历时 ?( )

A.AD(活动历时)=工作数量/生产率

B.AD=工作数量/资源数量

C.AD=生产率/工作数量

D.AD=生产率*工作数量/资源数量

正确答案:A


104 Using the situation stated in the Special window, the schedule performance index (SPI) for WBS Element P is:

A. 1.10

B. 0.90

C. 0.956

D. 1.15

E. 0.869

正确答案:A


合同收尾过程包括

A、 客户满意度分析和最终付款

B、 行政收尾和归档纪录

C、 最终合同付款和经验教训

D、 产品核实和行政收尾

正确答案:D


2021项目管理师历年真题9篇 第7篇


行政收尾不能被推迟到项目完工的时候,因为:( )

A.有用的信息可能丢失

B.项目经理可能被重新分配新的工作

C.项目团队成员可能被重新分配新的工作

D.供货商希望收到付款

正确答案:A


在一个项目实施过程中客户批准并支付了一个范围变更此变更对进度作了较大的修改则原基准计划( )

A.现在变成了新的计划包括被变更的意中人原来的基准计划已无所用

B.仍然是基准计划但被注明已有变化

C.被修订以反映范围变化但原基准计划被保留以便对已实施部分进行回顾检查

D.已无意义因为每一个计划的变更都会改变原基准

正确答案:C


The WBS is:

A.An organization oriented family tree of the project.

B.A task oriented family tree of the project.

C.A cost centered structure of the project.

D.Only required on large complex projects where separately identifiable work packages are difficult to construct.

E.None of the above.

正确答案:B
B


The initial cost of a product and the product's operation and maintenance costs _____ .

A . increases perceived value when balanced.

B . are incidental to each other because initial costs are "sunk"

C . decreases design costs as operation periods increase

D . provides perceived function value and product social dysfunction

E . are integrally related with each other because initial costs are "sunk".

正确答案:A


The Cost Performance Index (CPI) measures:

A.cost of work performed vs planned costs.

B.work performed vs cost of work performed.

C.work performed vs planned work.

D.direct costs vs indirect costs.

E.floating costs vs. sunk costs.

正确答案:B

B


“质量成本”是一个项目管理概念,它包括下列哪项成本?

A、 超过要求

B、 要求变更

C、 保证符合要求

D、 质量控制要求

正确答案:C


2021项目管理师历年真题9篇 第8篇


如果一个项目雇用了两个人,每个人工作40小时,每小时劳动费用为30美元,其中包括常用开支。在同一时期内雇用的第三个人工作30小时,但是每小时的劳动费用高达50美元。这个星期的PV是

A、 2,400美元

B、 3,600美元

C、 3,660美元

D、 3,900美元

正确答案:D


项目的管理收尾并不能推迟到项目完成才开始这是因为( )

A.有用的信息可能会丢失

B.可能会重新指派项目经理

C.到那时可能会重新分配项目队伍成员

D.供应商担心付款

正确答案:A


22 The three most common types of project cost estimates are:

A. Order of magnitude, parametric, and budget.

B. Parametric, definitive and top down.

C. Order of magnitude, definitive and bottom up.

D. Order of magnitude, budget and definitive.

E. Analogy, parametric and top down

正确答案:D


25 Forecasting human resource requirements necessitates making predictions about both the supply and demand of human resources. Which of the following is not a method used to forecast the demand for human resources?

A. Delphi Method

B. Regression Analysis

C. PERT Charts

D. Staffing Tables

E. Time Series Analysis

正确答案:C


13 A life cycle project manager tends to have the following characteristics:

A. balanced training

B. stronger administrative skills than technical skills

C. stronger technical skills than administrative skills

D. stronger human resource skills

E. None of the above

正确答案:B


顾问认定六周延误是由项目经理和项目班子两个月前发现并且在努力解决的一个问题所造成的只要赞助人审查项目经理为赞助人起草的 报告赞助人和项目经理之间的混乱本可以避免 ( )

A.特别分析

B.日常工作

C.例外物项

D.成果

正确答案:C


2021项目管理师历年真题9篇 第9篇


● As a project is carried out and slack time is consumed on individual tasks, the slack left over for the remaining tasks is:

A Insignificant.

B Reduced.

C Unchanged.

D Increased.

E Doubled.

正确答案:C


在CROSBY,JURAN,DEMING以及他人之前对于质量业绩标准的传统看法认为错误是

A、 有益的,因为我们可以从我们的错误中吸取到教训

B、 不可避免的

C、 如果在项目过程中有足够的检查就不易发生错误

D、 比为阻止错误发生所需要的最复杂的设计工作的成本更大

正确答案:B


在项目发展过程中,诸如谁来执行这个工作,这个工作在那里执行,工作的类型以及工作分解结构(WBS)都是下面哪一个的示例?( )

A.活动属性

B.限制条件

C.在工作分解结构库中贮存的数据

D.定义细化

正确答案:A


为了法律上可行,以下所有的内容在合同中必须明确规定,除了:

A、法定资格

B、双方同意

C、合适的合同形式

D、定价

正确答案:D


19 Using the situation shown in the Special window and assuming continues efficiency for work-in-progress and fixed price contract for task four. The estimate at completion is:

A. $19K

B. $21K

C. $26K

D. $29K

E. indeterminate

正确答案:C


. The capacity to get an individual or group to perform. a given task is described as:

A . Authority

B . Power

C . Influence

D . Leadership

E . Motivation

正确答案:E